Ibn ‘Umar(RA) narrated that the Prophet(SAWS) said,”Everyone of you is a guardian and is responsible for his subjects. The ruler who has authority over people, is a guardian and is responsible for them. A man is guardian of his family and is responsible for them. A woman is a guardian for her husband’s house and children, and is responsible for them. A slave is a guardian of his master’s property and is responsible for it. So, all of you are guardians and are responsible for your charges.” (Sahih Al-Bukhari, Sahih Muslim).
Resenting seeking leadership
Abdur-Rahman bin Samurah(RA) narrated that the Messenger of Allah(SAWS) said:”O Abdur-Rahman! Do not seek to be a ruler, because if you are given authority on asking for it, then it will be a burden on you; but if you are given it without asking for it, then you will be helped in it (by Allah).” (Sahih Al-Bukhari, Sahih Muslim).
Abu Dhar(RA) narrated: I said: “O Messenger of Allah, will you not appoint me for a public office?” He stroked my shoulder with his hand and said:”O Abu Dhar, you are weak and authority is a trust, and on the Day of Resurrection it is a cause of humiliation and sorrow except for him who fulfills its obligations and (properly) discharges the duties thereon.” (Sahih Muslim).
Abu Hurairah(RA) narrated that the Prophet (SAWS) said: “A ruler (of the Muslims) is a shield for them. They fight behind him, and they are protected by him. If he enjoins fear of Allah, the Exalted, and Glorious, and dispenses justice, there will be a reward for him; and if he enjoins otherwise, he will receive its consequences.” (Sahih Muslim).
Reward for discharge of responsibility justly
Abdullah bin ‘Umar(RA) narrated the Messenger of Allah(SAWS) said: ” Behold! The dispensers of justice will be seated on the pulpits of light in proximity of Allah, on the right side of the Merciful, and Exalted. And both sides of Allah are right. Those who do justice in their rules, in matters relating to their families and in all that they undertake to do.” (Sahih Muslim).
Religion is sincerity and goodwill
Tamim Ad-Dari(RA) narrated that the Prophet(SAWS) said: “Religion is sincerity and goodwill.” We asked: “For whom?” He said: “To Allah, His Book, His Messenger, the leaders of Muslims and the Muslims in general.” (Sahih Muslim).
Jarir(RA) reported: The Messenger of Allah(SAWS) was given pledge by me to perform the prayers, to pay Zakat, and to offer sincere advice to every Muslim.
(Sahih Al-Bukhari, Sahih Muslim).
Illegal sexual intercourse is called ‘Zina’ in Arabic. The word Zina is usually used for illegal sexual intercourse but there are also other types of Zina. In brief they are: touching Na-Mehram, talking unnecessarily to Na-Mehram, glancing Na-Mehram, or any unnecessary connection with any Na-Mehram man or woman. Indeed it is a shameful act. Sexual intercourse is allowed between (husband & wife) only.
Punishment For Married Adulterer
If a married person commits Zina then he/she should be stoned to death. There is no forgiveness for them in this world. They should bear this punishment and should beg Allah for His mercy and forgiveness. The punishment for married people is stricter because they are already married and can fulfill their sexual desires with their spouse.
The Holy Quran
The woman and the man guilty of illegal sexual intercourse, flog each of them with a hundred stripes. Let not pity withhold you in their case, in a punishment prescribed by Allah, if you believe in Allah and the Last Day. And let a party of the believers witness their punishment. (This punishment is for unmarried persons guilty of the above crime but if married persons commit it, the punishment is to stone them to death, according to Allah’s Law). [Chapter #24 Surah An-Noor, Verse #2]
Narrated Jabir: A man from the tribe of Bani Aslam came to Prophet Mohammad (SalAllaho Alaihi Wasallam) while he was in the mosque and said, “I have committed illegal sexual intercourse.” The Prophet turned his face to the other side. The man turned towards the side towards which the Prophet had turned his face, and gave four witnesses against himself. On that the Prophet called him and said, “Are you insane?” (He added), “Are you married?” The man said, ‘Yes.” On that the Prophet ordered him to be stoned to the death in the Musalla (a praying place). When the stones hit him with their sharp edges and he fled, but he was caught at Al-Harra and then killed. [Sahi Bukhari (Book #63, Hadith #195)]
Narrated Zaid bin Khalid and Abu Huraira: The Prophet (SalAllaho Alaihi Wasallam) said, “O Unais! Go to the wife of this (man) and if she confesses (that she has committed illegal sexual intercourse), then stone her to death.” [Sahi Bukhari (Book #38, Hadith #508)]
Punishment For Unmarried Adulterer
If an unmarried person commits Zina then he/she should be scourged 100 (one hundred) lashes and sent into exile for 1 (one) year. The punishment for unmarried people is lighter as they do not have a spouse to whom they can go to fulfill their sexual desires, that’s why they are given a lighter punishment.
Narrated Zaid bin Khalid: Allah’s Apostle (SalAllaho Alaihi Wasallam) ordered that an unmarried man who committed illegal sexual intercourse be scourged one hundred lashes and sent into exile for one year. [Sahi Bukhari (Book #48, Hadith #817)]
Punishment In Torah (Pentateuch)
Torah (Pentateuch) revealed over Prophet Moses (Alaihissalaam), has also the same punishment for Zina as the Quran has told us.
Eating too much leads to many diseases, causes laziness, making one feel it heavy and burdensome to do deeds of obedience to Allah (swt) and hardens a persons heart – and we seek refuge in Allah (swt) from all of that. The opposite way, eating too little, also weakens a persons body, making him too weak to do acts of obedience to Allah (swt) . The best cure and prevention is what is prescribed by the Prophet (saas) and were we to follow the Prophets way, we would not, in many instances, have to pay a visit to the doctor. Miqdaam Ibn Madee Karib (ra) reported that he heard the Messenger of Allah (saas) say,
A human being has never filled a container that is worse than his stomach. It is sufficient for the son of Adam to have just that amount of morsels that cause his back to remain upright. But if there is no excape (i.e., he wants more), then one third for his food, one third for his drink, and one third for his breathing. 1
We would do well to heed what some of our pious predecessors had to say about this subject. Ibn Abdul-Barr and others related that, one day, when Umar Ibn Al-Khattab (ra) delivered a sermon, he (ra) said, Beware of gluttony, for it makes one lazy from prayer and it is harmful to the body. Upon you is moderation in your food, for that will keep you further away from ungratefulness, healthier in your body, and stronger to do worship. And a person does not become destroyed until he prefers his desire over his religion. Alee (ra) said, The stomach is the tank of the body: liquids come into it and flow out of it. If it is healthy, liquids will flow out of it in a healthy manner, but if it is sick, liquids will flow out of it with sickness. Fudail Ibn Iyaadh said, Two actions harden the heart: much talk and much eating. And it was said to Imam Ahmad, These are the people who eat very little food. He said, That does not impress me. I heard Abdur-Rahmaan Ibn Mahdee say, A group of people did the same and it resulted in them being cut off from obligatory duties (i.e., their bodies became so weak that they became negligent in performing obligatory duties).
1) Related by At-Tirmidhee (2380), who said, Hasan Saheeh; by Ibn Maajah (3349), and Al-Albaane gave a Saheeh grade to his narration; and by Ahamad (16735)
[ALLAH’S Quran – [3:79] – Pickthall]
“………..Be ye faithful servants of the Lord by virtue of your constant teaching of the Scripture and of your constant study thereof.”
[Hadith – Bukhari, Book #61, Hadith #545] “ Narrated ‘Uthman: The Prophet said, “The best among you (Muslims) are those who learn the Qur’an and teach it.”
[Hadith – Bukhari, Book #92, Hadith #419] “Narrated ‘Abdullah: Allah’s Apostle said, “Do not wish to be like anybody except in two cases: The case of a man whom Allah has given wealth and he spends it in the right way, and that of a man whom Allah has given religious wisdom (i.e., Qur’an and Sunna) and he gives his verdicts according to it and teaches it.” (to others i.e., religious knowledge of Qur’an and Sunna (Prophet’s Traditions).”
[Hadith – Bukhari, Book #3, Hadith #79] “Narrated Abu Musa: The Prophet said, “The example of guidance and knowledge with which Allah has sent me is like abundant rain falling on the earth, some of which was fertile soil that absorbed rain water and brought forth vegetation and grass in abundance. (And) another portion of it was hard and held the rain water and Allah benefited the people with it and they utilized it for drinking, making their animals drink from it and for irrigation of the land. (And) a portion of it was barren which could neither hold the water nor bring forth vegetation (then that land gave no benefits). The first is the example of the person who comprehends Allah’s religion and gets benefit (from the knowledge) which Allah has revealed through me (the Prophets and learns and then teaches others. The last example is that of a person who does not care for it and does not take Allah’s guidance revealed through me (He is like that barren land.)”
[Hadith – Muslim, Book #035, Hadith #6518] “Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: He who alleviates the suffering of a brother out of the sufferings of the world, Allah would alleviate his suffering from the sufferings of the Day of Resurrection, and he who finds relief for one who is hard pressed, Allah would make things easy for him in the Hereafter, and he who conceals (the faults) of a Muslim, Allah would conceal his faults in the world and in the Hereafter. Allah is at the back of a servant so long as the servant is at the back of his brother, and he who treads the path in search of knowledge, Allah would make that path easy, leading to Paradise for him and those persons who assemble in the house among the houses of Allah (mosques) and recite the Book of Allah and they learn and teach the Qur’an (among themselves) there would descend upon them the tranquillity and mercy would cover them and the angels would surround them and Allah makes a mention of them in the presence of those near Him, and he who is slow-paced in doing good deeds, his (high) descent does not make him go ahead.
[Hadith – Malik’s Muwatta, Book #9, Hadith #9.18.56] “Yahya related to me from Malik from Sumayy, the mawla of Abu Bakr, that Abu Bakr ibn Abd ar-Rahman used to say,”Someone who goes to the mosque in the morning or the afternoon with no intention of going anywhere else, either to learn good or teach it, is like someone who does jihad in the way of Allah and returns with booty.”
al-Bukhaari and Muslim report that Ibn ‘Umar said, “I saw in a dream that two angels came to me. Each of them was holding a whip of iron in his hand. Then I met (another) angel who was also holding a whip of iron in his hand. They said, “Do not worry, you are a good man; we just wish that you prayed more at night”. They took me to the edge of Hell, which looked like a well with horns: between every two horns stood an angel holding a whip of iron. I saw men hanging upside-down, held with chains, and I recognised some men of Quraysh. Then they led me away, towards the right. I told Hafsah about my dream, and she told the Messenger of Allah (saw) who said, “Abdullaah is a righteous man”. (at-Takhweef min an-Naar, p.51)