ABU Huraira relates that the Noble Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “A Muslim has six claims over another Muslim.” When asked what those claims were, the Noble Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “When you meet a Muslim brother wish him, when he invites you, accept his invitation, when he needs your sympathy, offer it, when he sneezes and thanks Allah, you should respond to him, when he is ill, you should visit him and when he dies, you should join his funeral.” (Muslim)
In the Hadith under study the Noble Prophet (peace be upon him) enjoins the believers to fulfill the rights of fellow Muslims. Here only six rights have been mentioned.
Wishing a Muslim brother. Wishing is not mere verbal salutation but a declaration and pledge that you Muslim brother’s life, property and honour are safe from you and that you will never cause him any trouble and will pray for the safety of his faith and belief and for Divine Mercy to descend on him.
Acceptance of invitation is another measure to strengthen the bonds of cordiality between the two. For, acceptance of the invitation means the presence of cordial relationship, and its rejection just the contrary.
Sympathy towards a Muslim in need. Only a person with the milk of human kindness in the heart can sympathize with or extend a helping hand to others. When he finds someone in need, he stands ready to do everything possible to redress the woes of his fellow Muslim.
Response to one’s thanking Allah on sneezing (that is, if he says Alhamdulillah). The response to thanking God on sneezing is to say Yarhamuk-Allah (may Allah have mercy upon you) and you remain firm in obedience to Allah and may not through your own deeds become a laughing stock.
Visiting an ailing Muslim brother. Visiting an ailing person is the practical manifestation of one’s of sympathy towards others. It helps the patient feel that he is not alone in his hour of distress, and elicits for the visitor reward from Allah.
Joining the funeral of a Muslim. This is the last concrete expression of one’s attachment to one’s fellow being, and there is great reward for fulfilling this obligation.