Hadith:Haj for another
Yahya related to me from Malik from Ibn Shihab from Sulayman ibn Yasar that Abdullah ibn Abbas said, “Al-Fadl ibn Abbas was riding behind the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, when a woman from the Khathama tribe came to him to ask him for a fatwa. Al-Fadl began to look at her, and she at him, and the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, turned Fadl’s face away to the other side. The woman said, ‘Messenger of Allah, Allah’s making the hajj obligatory finds my father a very old man, unable to stay firm on his riding-beast. Can I do hajj for him?’, and he said, ‘Yes.’ This was during the farewell hajj.”
(Malik’s Muwatta, Book 20, Number 20.28.98)

Hadith: Love of the Sunnah
Narrated Anas ibn Malik

Allah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said to me: My son, if you are in a position to pass your morning and evening keeping your heart free from malice against anyone, then act according to it (this high ideal). He then said: My son, and that is my Sunnah and he who loves my Sunnah, in fact loves me and he who loves me, will be with me in Paradise.
Transmitted by Tirmidhi.

Hadith: Charity
Abu Hurairah, may Allah be pleased with him, narrated:
There came a person to the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) and asked: Messenger of Allah, which charity is the best? Upon this he said: That you should give charity (in a state when you are) healthy, closefisted, haunted by the fear of poverty and hoping to become rich (charity in such a state of health and mind is the best). And you must not defer (charity to such a length) that you are about to die and would be saying: This is for so and so, and this is for so and so. Lo, it has already come into (the possession of so and so).
(Hadith number in Sahih Muslim [Arabic only]: 1713 )

Hadith :Friendship
Narrated Abu Said Al Khudri

The Prophet delivered a sermon and said, “Allah gave a choice to one of (His) slaves either to choose this world or what is with Him in the Hereafter. He chose the latter.” Abu Bakr wept. I said to myself, “Why is this Sheikh weeping, if Allah gave choice to one (of His) slaves either to choose this world or what is with Him in the Hereafter and he chose the latter?” And that slave was Allah’s Apostle himself. Abu Bakr knew more than us. The Prophet said,”O Abu Bakr! Don’t weep. The Prophet added: Abu Bakr has favored me much with his property and company. If I were to take a Khalil from mankind I would certainly have taken Abu Bakr but the Islamic brotherhood and friendship is sufficient. Close all the gates in the mosque except that of Abu Bakr.
(Bukhari Vol 1 Number 455)

Hadith:Benefit of treating daughters well
‘A’ishah, the wife of Allah’s Messenger, may Allah be pleased with her, said:
A woman came to me along with her two daughters. She asked me for (charity) but she found nothing with me except one date, so I gave it to her. She accepted it and then divided it between her two daughters and she ate nothing of that. She then got up and went out, and so did her two daughters. When Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) came I narrated to him her story. Thereupon he (may peace be upon him) said: Whoever is destined with the responsibility of (bringing up) daughters, and he accords benevolent treatment towards them, they would be protection for him against Hell-Fire.
Hadith number in Sahih Muslim [Arabic only]: 4763

Hadhrat Ubaada ibn Saamit (Radhiallaahu Anhu) reports that he heard Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) saying, ýThe person who performs one Sajda for the pleasure of Allah is rewarded with one good deed, one sin is wiped out from his account and he is elevated one stage higher in Jannat. Therefore, perform Sajdah in abundance.ý (Mutajirur raabih pg.70; Nahda)

When a Muslim places the most respectable part of his body, i.e. the forehead, on the ground before the Almighty, this is an act of great humbleness and most blessed in the eyes of Allah Taýala. Allah Taýala loves to see his servants prostrate before him, showing their humbleness and their need and dependency on Allah Taýala for his assistance and forgiveness.

Hadith:Wudhu before sleeping
Hadhrat Abu Umaamah (Radhiallaahu Anhu) reports that Nabi (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) said, Whosoever makes Wudhu prior to going to bed remembering Allah Taýala until he falls asleep, thereafter, at any time of the night if happens to awake and asks Allah Taýala for anything, Allah Taýala will definitely grant it to him. (Mutajirur Raabih pg.66; Najdatul Hadeetha)

Logic will tell us that if a person performs Wudhu prior to going to bed, then instead of falling asleep he will stay awake! But out beloved Nabi (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) informed us that via this action, Allah Taýala will help us with all our needs, of this world and the hereafter.

Hadith :Fasting on 10th Muharram
Hadhrat Abbaas (Radhiallaahu Anhu) narrates that when Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) came to Madinah Munawwarah, he noticed the Jews fasting on the 10th of Muharram. He enquired from them the reason for fasting, they replied, This is a great day. Allah Taýala granted victory to Musa (Alayhis salaam) and his nation against Firýawn and his army who were drowned in the sea. Musa (Alayhis salaam) fasted to express his gratefulness to Allah Taýala, so we too fast on this day. Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) said, We are more closer to Musa (Alayhis salaam) than you, Thereafter, Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) fasted on the 10th of Muharram and he ordered his Sahaaba (Radhiallaahu Anhum) to keep fast on that day. (Mishkaat pg.180; Qadeemi)

Initially, fasting on the 10th of Muharram was obligatory. When fasting in Ramadhaan became obligatory, then fasting on the day of Aashura became Nafl. (voluntary)
It is advisable to add one fast to the 10th of Muharram, either on the 11th or 9th in order to contradict the practice of the Jews who fast only on the 10th. However, that does not effect the validity of the fast on the 10th only. Start motivating family members and friends to carry out this Sunnah of Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam).