Offering Salaam Is An Islamic Duty
It has been narrated from Hazrat Ali May Allah be pleased with himthat the Rasullah Peace & Blessings Be Upon Him said,

Commonly in Islam there are six rights of a Muslim upon a Muslim:

  • when he meets him he should give him salaam;
  • when he invites him (to a meal) he should accept it;
  • when he sneezes he should bless him;
  • when he falls ill he should visit him;
  • when he dies he should accompany his funeral
  • and he should prefer for him that which he prefers for himself.

Warning Upon Not Replying To The Salaam
It has been narrated from Abdur Rahmaan ibn Shayba; he says the Holy Prophet Peace & Blessings Be Upon Himsaid, “A rider should give salaam to a walking person, a walking person should give salaam to a seated person, a small group should give salaam to a larger group, whoever then responds to salaam, it is for his benefit, and he who does not respond to salaam, is not from amongst us.”

Ibn Sunni has narrated this and also Imam Bukhari in his book Al Adabul Mufrad. On these bases Allama Nawawi in his commentary of Sahih Muslim has said, “To commence salaam is Sunnah and to reply is Wajib.”

Similarly Hafiz ibn Abdul Bar says, “It is an unanimous agreement of the Muslims that to commence Salaam is Sunnah and to reply is Wajib.”

The Virtue of Commencing Salaam
It has been narrated by Abu Umamah that the Holy Prophet Peace & Blessings Be Upon Himsaid, “Whoever commences Salaam is very close to Allah and His Messenger Muhammad (Peace & Blessings Be Upon Him)” Ibn Sunni has narrated this.

In Imaam Ahmads narration there is, “The closest to Allah, the most glorious and eminent one, from amongst all the people is the one who commences salaam.”

Similarly Tabrani narrates from Abu Darda, who says that we asked the Holy Prophet Peace & Blessings Be Upon Him, “O Prophet of Allah, we meet each other, so who from amongst us should give salaam first?” The Holy Prophet Peace & Blessings Be Upon Him replied, “The one who is the most obedient to Allah from amongst you.

Reward For Giving Salaam
It has been narrated by Saalim that the Holy Prophet Peace & Blessings Be Upon Himsaid,

“He who says Assalaamu Alaikum (Peace be upon you) ten rewards are written down for him,

and he who says Assalaamu Alaikum wa rahmatullah (Peace be upon you and Allah’s mercy) for him twenty rewards are written down

and he who says Assalaamu Alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh (Peace be upon you and Allah’s mercy and blessing) thirty rewards are written down (for him).”

In support of this Hadeeth we find a narration by Ibn Umar in Musannaf-Abdul- Razzak;

It has been narrated in this Hadeeth that a person came in the presence of the Holy Prophet Peace & Blessings Be Upon Himand said, “Assalamu Alaikum.” The Holy Prophet Peace & Blessings Be Upon Him replied, “Ten.” Then a second Sahabi came and said, “Assalamu Alaikum wa rahmatullah. ” The Holy Prophet Peace & Blessings Be Upon Him replied, “Twenty.” Then a third Sahabi arrived and said, “Assalamu Alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuh.” Upon this the Holy Prophet Peace & Blessings Be Upon Him said, “Thirty.” That is to say upon three words thirty rewards will be written down.

What is Salaam ?
Imam Baihaqi narrates in discontinuation from Ibne Abbas, that As-Salaam is amongst Allahs names and also this is the greeting of the dwellers of Paradise.

Imaam Bukhari in his Al-Adabul-Mufrad narrates from Hazrat Anas that the Holy Prophet Peace & Blessings Be Upon Him said, “As-salaam is indeed a name from the names of Allah, which Allah has placed upon the Earth, therefore spread salaam amongst yourselves in abundance.

The Manner of giving Salaam
Abu Yala narrates from Hazrat Abu Hurairah May Allah be pleased with him that the Holy Prophet Peace & Blessings Be Upon Him said, “When anyone of you decides to offer salaam he should say Assalaamu Alaikum, because Allah, the most Glorious and Eminent one is As-salaam, for this reason do not commence with anything before saying Allahs name.”

Conduct With The Person Who Does Not Say Salaam
It has been narrated from Ibn Umar, that the Holy Prophet Peace & Blessings Be Upon Him said, “He who speaks without firstly giving salaam, then do not answer him (to what he has to say).”

Spread Salaam
Hazrat Abdullah ibn Salaam says, “When the Holy Prophet Peace & Blessings Be Upon Him arrived in Madinah, the people lost no time in arriving in the presence of the Holy Prophet Peace & Blessings Be Upon Him. I was amongst the people who had arrived to see him. When I looked with thoughtfulness at the Holy Prophets Peace & Blessings Be Upon Him radiant face, I realized with certainty that this is no face of a liar.”

Abdullah ibn Salaam says, “The very first thing which I heard the Holy Prophet Peace & Blessings Be Upon Himsay was, O People, spread salaam and feed the people, keep good relations with your kith and kin and at nightfall engage yourself in salaah while others are asleep, for you will enter Paradise safely.”

In Muatta, Tufail ibn Abi Shayba regarding Ibn Umar radiyallahu anhuma says that one day when I came to Abdullah ibn Umar, he asked me to go to the market (with him). I asked, “What are you going to do in the market? You do not go to any salesman, or ask about any goods or its price nor do you want to sit in any market gatherings, so stay here with us, we will talk here.”

Abdullah ibn Umar then said, “O Abu Battan, (he called him Abu Battan because Tufail ibn Abi had a large stomach) we are going to the market for the cause of giving salaam.”

Similarly Ibn Sunni has narrated about Abu Imaam Baaali that he said to Muhammad ibn Ziyaad, “O my nephew the Holy Prophet Peace & Blessings Be Upon Him has commanded us that we spread salaam.”

A Rider Should Give Salaam To A Walking Person
It has been narrated by Fudhala ibn Ubaid that the Holy Prophet Peace & Blessings Be Upon Him said,

A rider should give salaam to a walking person,

a walking person should give salaam to a standing person

and a small group of people should give salaam to a larger group.

Similarly it has been narrated by Hazrat Jabir May Allah be pleased with himt hat the Holy Prophet Peace & Blessings Be Upon Him said, “An elder person should give salaam to a younger one,

one person should give salaam to two,

a small group of people should give salaam to a larger one,

a rider should give salaam to a walking person,

a passer-by should give salaam to a standing person

and a person who is standing should give salaam to a seated person.

Giving And Replying To Salaam From One Person Is Sufficient
It has been narrated by Hazrat Ali that the Holy Prophet Peace & Blessings Be Upon Him said, “The salaam of a person, from a passing group of people, will be sufficient on behalf of all the group, likewise if one person from those who are seated replies to the salaam, it will be sufficient on behalf of all the rest.”

Giving Salaam To The Children
In Sunan-e-Abu Dawood, it has been narrated by Hazrat Anas May Allah be pleased with himthat, “The Holy Prophet Peace & Blessings Be Upon Him came by us at the time when I was a child together with other children and greeted us all with salaam.

Similarly Imaam Muslim, Imaam Ahmad, Imaam Tirmidhi and Imaam Darami narrate from Hazrat Yasaar May Allah be pleased with him that he said, “I was walking with Thabit Binai when he passed by some children. He conveyed salaam to them, and began to say that once he was walking with Hazrat Anas May Allah be pleased with him and when he passed by some children he also greeted them with salaam. Hazrat Anas then narrated a Hadeeth, that he was walking with the Holy Prophet Peace & Blessings Be Upon Him and when they passed by some children, the Holy Prophet Peace & Blessings Be Upon Him greeted them with salaam.”

Similarly Imaam Nasai narrates from Hazrat Anas May Allah be pleased with him that when the Holy Prophet Peace & Blessings Be Upon Him would set out to meet the Ansaar, he would greet their children with salaam, and would place his blessed hands upon the children heads and make dua for them.

Similarly Imaam Bukhari and Ibn Sunni narrate that Hazrat Anas has related that the Holy Prophet Peace & Blessings Be Upon Him suddenly came upon some women, children and some servants who were returning from a wedding. The Holy Prophet Peace & Blessings Be Upon Him gave salaam to them and said, “In the name of Allah, I love you all.

The Correct Words Of Salaam
Abu Tameema narrates from a Sahabi who reported, “I said Alaikas Salaam (Upon you be peace) O Messenger of Allah.”

The Holy Prophet Peace & Blessings Be Upon Himsaid, “Alaikas Salaam are the words of the deceased persons salaam.

When one of you meets his fellow brother, he should say Assalamu Alaikum wa Rahmatullah.”

The Manner Of Greeting The Dead In The Grave Yard
It has been narrated by Hazrat Abu Huraira that the Holy Prophet Peace & Blessings Be Upon Him came towards the cemetery and said, “Alaikas Salaam (Upon you be peace), O people of this abode, from amongst the believers, verily, if Allah wishes, we are going to join you in a short while.”

Giving Salaam To The People Of A Gathering
It has been narrated by Hazrat Abu Huraira that the Holy Prophet Peace & Blessings Be Upon Him said, “If any one of you enters any gathering, he should give salaam. He should then remain seated to that extent he has in his mind, and when he decides to return, he should again give salaam. The reason being that the first salaam is not more rightful than the second, that is, he gives the first salaam and not the second.” This narration has been narrated by Imaam Abu Dawood, Imaam Tirmizi and Ibne Sunni.

Reply To A Third Persons Salaam
A person from (the tribe of) Banu Tameem narrates from his father who narrates from his paternal grandfather that he arrived in the presence of the Holy Prophet Peace & Blessings Be Upon Him and said, “My father sends salaam upon you.”

The Holy Prophet Peace & Blessings Be Upon Him replied, “Wa Alaika Wa’alaa Abeekas Salaam (Peace be upon you and your father).” Imaam Abu Dawood, Nasai and Ibn Sunni have narrated this.

Similarly it has been narrated by Hazrat Aisha radiyallahu anha that the Holy Prophet Peace & Blessings Be Upon Him said, “Jibraeel sends salaam upon you.”

Hazrat Aisha May Allah be pleased with him replied, “Wa Alaihis Salaam Wa Rahmatullahi Wabarakatuh (Peace be upon him and Allah’s mercy and blessings). You (O Prophet) can see things which we cannot.”

Similarly Imaam Bukhari and Imaam Muslim have related Abu Huraira’s narration, he says, Jibraeel the trustworthy arrived in the presence of the Noble Prophet Peace & Blessings Be Upon Him and said, “This is Khadija, who is coming, she has with her a utensil in which there is curry (or he said food, or drink). When she arrives give, her salaam from her sustainer and myself, and give her glad tidings of a house in Paradise which will be hollow in which there will be no loud noise (din) nor weariness.

Ibne Sunni has narrated this narration in more detail.
It is narrated by Amr bin Wahb that Hazrat Khadija set out in search of the Holy Prophet Peace & Blessings Be Upon Him in the upper part of Makkah Mukarrama. Hazrat Khadija had the Holy Prophet’s Peace & Blessings Be Upon Him food with her. Jibraeel the trustworthy met Hazrat Khadija May Allah be pleased with him in the form of a man and questioned her regarding the Holy Prophet Peace & Blessings Be Upon Him. Hazrat Khadija began to tremble and thought that, probably he is from those who are out to harm the Holy Prophet Peace & Blessings Be Upon Him.

Hazrat Khadija May Allah be pleased with him mentioned this incident to the Holy Prophet Peace & Blessings Be Upon Him. The Holy Prophet Peace & Blessings Be Upon Him replied that he was Jibraeel the trustworthy. He has informed me that he has met you and he has also told me that you have food with you and that is Hees (a sweet dish). Hazrat Jibraeel the trustworthy has said, “Give salaam to Khadija from Allah the most glorious and eminent one, and give her glad tidings of a house in Paradise which will be hollow in which they will no loud noise (din) nor weariness.”

Hazrat Khadija May Allah be pleased with him said, “Allah the exalted is Himself As-Salaam (The Giver of peace) and peace comes from Him, Salaam be upon Jibraeel, he is the messenger of Allah. Salaam be upon you and salaam be upon all those who are listening but Shaitan.

O Prophet of Allah, what is the hollow house in Paradise wherein they will be no loud noise (din) nor weariness?”

The Holy Prophet Peace & Blessings Be Upon Him replied, “It will be a secure house made out of pearl.

Giving Salaam Even After A Short Separation
It has been narrated by Anas May Allah be pleased with himthat the companions of the Holy Prophet Peace & Blessings Be Upon Himwould walk together and when a tree would come in their way they would separate towards the left and right. Then on meeting each other, one of them would greet the other with salaam.