Three Types Of Hajj
Hajj Al-Qiran – At a Meeqat, in the months of Hajj, one enters into Ihram for Hajj and Umrah at the same time, not coming out of the state of Ihram until the Day of Sacrifice (10th Dhul Hijjah). Alternatively, one may enter into Ihram for Umrah and before beginning the Tawaf, the intention of Ihram for Hajj may be made. The Sa`ee may be done after the Tawaf of Umrah or left to be done after Tawaf Al-Ifadah. One performing this type of Hajj is called a Qarin.
Hajj Al-Ifrad – At a Meeqat, in the months of Hajj, one enters into Ihram for Hajj alone. Like the Qarin he remains in the state of Ihram until the 10th Dhul Hijjah. It is not obligatory on him to sacrifice an animal. No Umrah is required.
Hajj At-Tamattu’ – Many Scholars consider this the best type of Hajj, as it is what the Prophet (peace be upon him) urged his Companions to do. One performing this type of Hajj is call a Muttamatti. This involves performing Umrah first during any of the months of Hajj (Shawwal, Dhul Qada and the first ten days of Dhul Hijjah), removes the Ihram clothes after Umrah, and then reassumes the Ihram state for Hajj on the eighth day of Dhul Hijjah of the same year.
Note: For those who choose to do At-Tamattu’ or Al-Qiran, a mandatory sacrifice is required from them during the days of Eid. Those who live in Makkah are exempted from this requirement.