Human Rights In Islam
ISLAM guarantees the basic rights of every living creature. The sanctity of human life is extremely sacred.
Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: “Truly your blood, your property, and your honor are inviolable.” (Al-Bukhari)
Allah said in the Qur’an:
“O mankind! We have created you from a male and a female, and made you into nations and tribes that you may know one another. Verily, the most honorable of you with Allah is that (believer) who is pious. Verily, Allah is All-Knowing, Well-Acquainted (with all things).” (Qur’an, 49:13)
Human race is only for the purpose of identification in Islam, and it doesn’t give one superiority over another.
Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: “O people! Your God is one and your forefather (Adam) is one. An Arab is not better than a non-Arab and a non-Arab is not better than an Arab, and a red (i.e. white tinged with red) person is not better than a black person and a black person is not better than a red person, except through piety.” (Musnad Ahmad)
Allah has commanded to uphold justice and discharge trust of people:
“Verily, Allah commands that you should render back the trusts to those, to whom they are due; and that when you judge between men, you judge with justice. Verily, how excellent is the teaching which He (Allah) gives you! Truly, Allah is Ever All-Hearer, All-Seer.” (Qur’an, 4:58)
“…And act justly. Truly, Allah loves those who are just.” (Qur’an 49:9)
“…and let not the enmity and hatred of others make you avoid justice. Be just: that is nearer to piety;…” (Qur’an 5:8)
The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: “O People, beware of injustice, for injustice shall be darkness on the Day of Judgement.” (Saheeh Al-Bukhari).