And whoever obeys Allah and the Apostle, these are with those upon whom Allah has bestowed favors from among the prophets and the truthful and the martyrs and the good, and a goodly company are they.
What Quran says regarding Parents?
[4.Surah An-Nisaa : Ayah 36]
“And serve Allah and do not associate any thing with Him and be good to the parents and to the near of kin and the orphans and the needy and the neighbor of (your) kin and the alien neighbor, and the companion in a journey and the wayfarer and those whom your right hands possess; surely Allah does not love him who is proud, boastful.”
1. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu â€™alayhi wa sallam) said:
“Were people to know the blessing of pronouncing Adhan and the standing in the first row, they would even draw lots to secure these privileges. And were they to realize the reward of performing Salat early, they would race for it; and were they to know the merits of Salat after nightfall (`Isha’) and the dawn (Fajr) Salat, they would come to them even if they had to crawl.”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
COMMENTARY: This expression ‘to crawl’ is used to illustrate the high merit of praying `Isha and Fajr in congregation in the mosque. This Hadith also urges to make best to occupy the first rows, as the `Angels of Mercy’ pray for the Imam first, then for those who pray immediately behind him in the first row, then those behind them, and so on. The Hadith also points out the excellence of Adhan and the great reward of the person who pronounces it.
2.Mu`awiyah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I heard the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu â€™alayhi wa sallam) saying:
“The Mu’adhdhinun (callers to prayer) will have the longest necks on the Day of Resurrection.”
COMMENTARY: The phrase “will have the longest necks” has been given different interpretations. One of them is that they are those who long for the Mercy of Allah more than anyone else. Another interpretation is that their necks will grow longer on the Day of Requital and so sweat will not reach them, for every one will sweat on that day depending on his deeds: sweat will reach up to one’s ankles or knees or waists. In the case of some people, sweat will reach up to their mouths. Another interpretation is that those who call Adhan will have an honorable and great status on the Day of Requital.
Allah Knows Better.
Duâ€˜a is the most powerful weapon of a believer. It can change fate, while no action of ours ever do. It is the brain of â€˜Ibadah or worship. With it we can never fail; without it we can never succeed. With all the suffering and disasters Muslims are facing in various parts of the world, the question of Duâ€˜a can be directed to all of us today. It is not that we have forgotten Duâ€˜a completely; we refer to it regularly. But, our ideas and practice regarding Duâ€˜a have become distorted. Often it is reduced to the level of a ritual. It is belittled through actions and sometimes even with words. Almighty Allah says:
ÙˆÙŽÙ‚ÙŽØ§Ù„ÙŽ Ø±ÙŽØ¨Ù‘ÙÙƒÙÙ…Ù Ø§Ø¯Ù’Ø¹ÙÙˆÙ†ÙÙŠ Ø£ÙŽØ³Ù’ØªÙŽØ¬ÙØ¨Ù’ Ù„ÙŽÙƒÙÙ…Ù’ Ø¥ÙÙ†Ù‘ÙŽ Ø§Ù„Ù‘ÙŽØ°ÙÙŠÙ†ÙŽ ÙŠÙŽØ³Ù’ØªÙŽÙƒÙ’Ø¨ÙØ±ÙÙˆÙ†ÙŽ Ø¹ÙŽÙ†Ù’ Ø¹ÙØ¨ÙŽØ§Ø¯ÙŽØªÙÙŠ Ø³ÙŽÙŠÙŽØ¯Ù’Ø®ÙÙ„ÙÙˆÙ†ÙŽ Ø¬ÙŽÙ‡ÙŽÙ†Ù‘ÙŽÙ…ÙŽ Ø¯ÙŽØ§Ø®ÙØ±ÙÙŠÙ†ÙŽ
â€œAnd your Lord said: â€˜Invoke Me, I will respond to your (invocation). Verily, those who scorn My worship they will surely enter Hell in humiliation.â€[Surah al-Ghafir, Verse 60]
The Almighty Allah states:
ÙÙŽÙ„ÙŽÙˆÙ’Ù„Ø§ Ø¥ÙØ°Ù’ Ø¬ÙŽØ§Ø¡ÙŽÙ‡ÙÙ…Ù’ Ø¨ÙŽØ£Ù’Ø³ÙÙ†ÙŽØ§ ØªÙŽØ¶ÙŽØ±Ù‘ÙŽØ¹ÙÙˆØ§Ù’ ÙˆÙŽÙ„ÙŽÙƒÙÙ† Ù‚ÙŽØ³ÙŽØªÙ’ Ù‚ÙÙ„ÙÙˆØ¨ÙÙ‡ÙÙ…Ù’ ÙˆÙŽØ²ÙŽÙŠÙ‘ÙŽÙ†ÙŽ Ù„ÙŽÙ‡ÙÙ…Ù Ø§Ù„Ø´Ù‘ÙŽÙŠÙ’Ø·ÙŽØ§Ù†Ù Ù…ÙŽØ§ ÙƒÙŽØ§Ù†ÙÙˆØ§Ù’ ÙŠÙŽØ¹Ù’Ù…ÙŽÙ„ÙÙˆÙ†ÙŽ
When the suffering reached them from Us, why then did they not learn humility? On the contrary their hearts became hardened (with arrogance), and Satan made their (sinful) acts seem alluring to them. [Surah al-An’am, Verse 43]
..:: THE EXCELLENCE OF DUâ€™A ::..
There are numerous Ahadith relating to the excellence of Duâ€™a.
HADITH NO. 1
Sayyiduna Rasoolullah SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam states that Almighty Allah says:
Ø£Ù†Ø§ Ø¹Ù†Ø¯ÙŽ Ø¸Ù†Ù‘Ù Ø¹Ø¨Ø¯ÙŠ Ø¨ÙŠ
I am with the supposition of My servant. [Recorded in Bukhari (Hadith 7239), Muslim, Tirmidi, Nisaâ€™iÂ and Ibn Maja on the authority of Sayyiduna Abu Hurayrah]
This means that as a servant imagines or has an opinion concerning Allah, the Merciful Lord accordingly reacts with him. Knowledge and Qudrat is with everything but there is a special proximity of mercy with those who make Duâ€™a to Him. What bigger mercy can a servant ask for than being blessed with the Divine Proximity of the Sublime Lord? Thousands of acceptances and millions of desires and intentions may be sacrificed on such Divine Proximity!
HADITH NO. 2
Ù„ÙŽÙŠÙ’Ø³ÙŽ Ø´ÙŽÙŠØ¡ÙŒ Ø£ÙƒÙ’Ø±ÙŽÙ…ÙŽ Ø¹ÙŽÙ„ÙŽÙ‰ Ø§Ù„Ù„Ù‡Ù Ù…ÙÙ†ÙŽ Ø§Ù„Ø¯Ù‘ÙØ¹ÙŽØ§Ø¡Ù
There is nothing nobler to Allah than Duâ€˜a. [Recorded in Tirmidi, Ibn Maja, Ibn Habban and Hakim narrated by Sayyiduna Abu Hurayrah. Also cited in Tahzib al-Kamil, Vol. 4, Page 309]
Hazrat Abu Bakr Siddique was the first caliph and one of the closest companions of Holy Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). His real name was Abdullah and he belonged to the sub-tribe of Quraish. He was the best companion of Muhammad (PBUH) andÂ stood with him through thick and thin. He remained with Holy ProphetÂ Muhammad (PBUH) during the migration of Muslims from Makkah to Madina. One of his daughters- Hazrat Ayesha(RA) â€“ married with Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH). He was declared as Ameer-e-Haj (Leader of Pilgrimage) by Hazrat Muhammad (PBUH) in 9th hijrah. After the demise of Holy Prophet, he was chosen as the first caliph of Muslim Ummah. He continued his services for Islam during his caliphhood which started in 632 A.D and ended in 634 A.D. During his era of caliphhood the Muslims won a lots of battles specially in Iraq and Syria. He died on 24th of August 634 A.D and he was buried on the left side of Hazrat Muhammad PBUH.
Ø§Ù„Ù‘ÙŽØ°ÙÙŠÙ†ÙŽ ÙŠÙØ¤Ù’Ù…ÙÙ†ÙÙˆÙ†ÙŽ Ø¨ÙØ§Ù„Ù’ØºÙŽÙŠÙ’Ø¨Ù ÙˆÙŽÙŠÙÙ‚ÙÙŠÙ…ÙÙˆÙ†ÙŽ Ø§Ù„ØµÙ‘ÙŽÙ„ÙŽØ§Ø©ÙŽ ÙˆÙŽÙ…ÙÙ…Ù‘ÙŽØ§ Ø±ÙŽØ²ÙŽÙ‚Ù’Ù†ÙŽØ§Ù‡ÙÙ…Ù’ ÙŠÙÙ†Ù’ÙÙÙ‚ÙÙˆÙ†ÙŽ (2:3)
Ø¬Ùˆ ØºÛŒØ¨ Ù¾Ø± Ø§ÛŒÙ…Ø§Ù† Ù„Ø§ØªÛ’ Ø§ÙˆØ± Ø¢Ø¯Ø§Ø¨ Ú©Û’ Ø³Ø§ØªÚ¾ Ù†Ù…Ø§Ø² Ù¾Ú‘Ú¾ØªÛ’ Ø§ÙˆØ± Ø¬Ùˆ Ú©Ú†Ú¾ ÛÙ… Ù†Û’ Ø§Ù† Ú©Ùˆ Ø¹Ø·Ø§ ÙØ±Ù…Ø§ÛŒØ§ ÛÛ’ Ø§Ø³ Ù…ÛŒÚº Ø³Û’ Ø®Ø±Ú† Ú©Ø±ØªÛ’ ÛÛŒÚº (2:3)
Who believe in the Unseen, are steadfast in prayer, and spend out of what We have provided for them;â€Ž (2:3)
ÙˆÙŽØ£ÙŽÙ‚ÙÙŠÙ…ÙÙˆØ§ Ø§Ù„ØµÙ‘ÙŽÙ„ÙŽØ§Ø©ÙŽ ÙˆÙŽØ¢ØªÙÙˆØ§ Ø§Ù„Ø²Ù‘ÙŽÙƒÙŽØ§Ø©ÙŽ ÙˆÙŽØ§Ø±Ù’ÙƒÙŽØ¹ÙÙˆØ§ Ù…ÙŽØ¹ÙŽ Ø§Ù„Ø±Ù‘ÙŽØ§ÙƒÙØ¹ÙÙŠÙ†ÙŽ (2:43)
Ø§ÙˆØ± Ù†Ù…Ø§Ø² Ù¾Ú‘Ú¾Ø§ Ú©Ø±Ùˆ Ø§ÙˆØ± Ø²Ú©ÙˆÙ°Ø© Ø¯ÛŒØ§ Ú©Ø±Ùˆ Ø§ÙˆØ± (Ø®Ø¯Ø§ Ú©Û’ Ø¢Ú¯Û’) Ø¬Ú¾Ú©Ù†Û’ ÙˆØ§Ù„ÙˆÚº Ú©Û’ Ø³Ø§ØªÚ¾ Ø¬Ú¾Ú©Ø§ Ú©Ø±Ùˆ (2:43)
And be steadfast in prayer; practice regular charity; and bow down your heads with those who bow down (in worship).â€Ž (2:43)
ÙˆÙŽØ§Ø³Ù’ØªÙŽØ¹ÙÙŠÙ†ÙÙˆØ§ Ø¨ÙØ§Ù„ØµÙ‘ÙŽØ¨Ù’Ø±Ù ÙˆÙŽØ§Ù„ØµÙ‘ÙŽÙ„ÙŽØ§Ø©Ù Ûš ÙˆÙŽØ¥ÙÙ†Ù‘ÙŽÙ‡ÙŽØ§ Ù„ÙŽÙƒÙŽØ¨ÙÙŠØ±ÙŽØ©ÙŒ Ø¥ÙÙ„Ù‘ÙŽØ§ Ø¹ÙŽÙ„ÙŽÙ‰ Ø§Ù„Ù’Ø®ÙŽØ§Ø´ÙØ¹ÙÙŠÙ†ÙŽ (2:45)
Ø§ÙˆØ± (Ø±Ù†Ø¬ ÙˆØªÚ©Ù„ÛŒÙ Ù…ÛŒÚº) ØµØ¨Ø± Ø§ÙˆØ± Ù†Ù…Ø§Ø² Ø³Û’ Ù…Ø¯Ø¯ Ù„ÛŒØ§ Ú©Ø±Ùˆ Ø§ÙˆØ± Ø¨Û’ Ø´Ú© Ù†Ù…Ø§Ø² Ú¯Ø±Ø§Úº ÛÛ’ØŒ Ù…Ú¯Ø± Ø§Ù† Ù„ÙˆÚ¯ÙˆÚº Ù¾Ø± (Ú¯Ø±Ø§Úº Ù†ÛÛŒÚº) Ø¬Ùˆ Ø¹Ø¬Ø² Ú©Ø±Ù†Û’ ÙˆØ§Ù„Û’ ÛÛŒÚº (2:45)
Nay, seek (Allah’s) help with patient perseverance and prayer: It is indeed hard, except to those who bring a lowly spirit,-â€Ž (2:45)
ÙˆÙŽØ£ÙŽÙ‚ÙÙŠÙ…ÙÙˆØ§ Ø§Ù„ØµÙ‘ÙŽÙ„ÙŽØ§Ø©ÙŽ ÙˆÙŽØ¢ØªÙÙˆØ§ Ø§Ù„Ø²Ù‘ÙŽÙƒÙŽØ§Ø©ÙŽ Ûš ÙˆÙŽÙ…ÙŽØ§ ØªÙÙ‚ÙŽØ¯Ù‘ÙÙ…ÙÙˆØ§ Ù„ÙØ£ÙŽÙ†Ù’ÙÙØ³ÙÙƒÙÙ…Ù’ Ù…ÙÙ†Ù’ Ø®ÙŽÙŠÙ’Ø±Ù ØªÙŽØ¬ÙØ¯ÙÙˆÙ‡Ù Ø¹ÙÙ†Ù’Ø¯ÙŽ Ø§Ù„Ù„Ù‘ÙŽÙ‡Ù Û— Ø¥ÙÙ†Ù‘ÙŽ Ø§Ù„Ù„Ù‘ÙŽÙ‡ÙŽ Ø¨ÙÙ…ÙŽØ§ ØªÙŽØ¹Ù’Ù…ÙŽÙ„ÙÙˆÙ†ÙŽ Ø¨ÙŽØµÙÙŠØ±ÙŒ (2:110)
Ø§ÙˆØ± Ù†Ù…Ø§Ø² Ø§Ø¯Ø§ Ú©Ø±ØªÛ’ Ø±ÛÙˆ Ø§ÙˆØ± Ø²Ú©ÙˆÙ°Ø© Ø¯ÛŒØªÛ’ Ø±ÛÙˆÛ” Ø§ÙˆØ± Ø¬Ùˆ Ø¨Ú¾Ù„Ø§Ø¦ÛŒ Ø§Ù¾Ù†Û’ Ù„ÛŒÛ’ Ø¢Ú¯Û’ Ø¨Ú¾ÛŒØ¬ Ø±Ú©Ú¾Ùˆ Ú¯Û’ØŒ Ø§Ø³ Ú©Ùˆ Ø®Ø¯Ø§ Ú©Û’ ÛØ§Úº Ù¾Ø§ Ù„Ùˆ Ú¯Û’Û” Ú©Ú†Ú¾ Ø´Ú© Ù†ÛÛŒÚº Ú©Û Ø®Ø¯Ø§ ØªÙ…ÛØ§Ø±Û’ Ø³Ø¨ Ú©Ø§Ù…ÙˆÚº Ú©Ùˆ Ø¯ÛŒÚ©Ú¾ Ø±ÛØ§ ÛÛ’ (2:110)
And be steadfast in prayer and regular in charity: And whatever good ye send forth for your souls before you, ye shall find it with Allah: for Allah sees Well all that ye do.â€Ž (2:110)
ÙŠÙŽØ§ Ø£ÙŽÙŠÙ‘ÙÙ‡ÙŽØ§ Ø§Ù„Ù‘ÙŽØ°ÙÙŠÙ†ÙŽ Ø¢Ù…ÙŽÙ†ÙÙˆØ§ Ø§Ø³Ù’ØªÙŽØ¹ÙÙŠÙ†ÙÙˆØ§ Ø¨ÙØ§Ù„ØµÙ‘ÙŽØ¨Ù’Ø±Ù ÙˆÙŽØ§Ù„ØµÙ‘ÙŽÙ„ÙŽØ§Ø©Ù Ûš Ø¥ÙÙ†Ù‘ÙŽ Ø§Ù„Ù„Ù‘ÙŽÙ‡ÙŽ Ù…ÙŽØ¹ÙŽ Ø§Ù„ØµÙ‘ÙŽØ§Ø¨ÙØ±ÙÙŠÙ†ÙŽ (2:153)
Ø§Û’ Ø§ÛŒÙ…Ø§Ù† ÙˆØ§Ù„Ùˆ ØµØ¨Ø± Ø§ÙˆØ± Ù†Ù…Ø§Ø² Ø³Û’ Ù…Ø¯Ø¯ Ù„ÛŒØ§ Ú©Ø±Ùˆ Ø¨Û’Ø´Ú© Ø®Ø¯Ø§ ØµØ¨Ø± Ú©Ø±Ù†Û’ ÙˆØ§Ù„ÙˆÚº Ú©Û’ Ø³Ø§ØªÚ¾ ÛÛ’ (2:153)
O ye who believe! seek help with patient perseverance and prayer; for Allah is with those who patiently persevere.â€Ž (2:153)
ØÙŽØ§ÙÙØ¸ÙÙˆØ§ Ø¹ÙŽÙ„ÙŽÙ‰ Ø§Ù„ØµÙ‘ÙŽÙ„ÙŽÙˆÙŽØ§ØªÙ ÙˆÙŽØ§Ù„ØµÙ‘ÙŽÙ„ÙŽØ§Ø©Ù Ø§Ù„Ù’ÙˆÙØ³Ù’Ø·ÙŽÙ‰ ÙˆÙŽÙ‚ÙÙˆÙ…ÙÙˆØ§ Ù„ÙÙ„Ù‘ÙŽÙ‡Ù Ù‚ÙŽØ§Ù†ÙØªÙÙŠÙ†ÙŽ (2:238)
(Ù…Ø³Ù„Ù…Ø§Ù†Ùˆ) Ø³Ø¨ Ù†Ù…Ø§Ø²ÛŒÚº Ø®ØµÙˆØµØ§Ù‹ Ø¨ÛŒÚ† Ú©ÛŒ Ù†Ù…Ø§Ø² (ÛŒØ¹Ù†ÛŒ Ù†Ù…Ø§Ø² Ø¹ØµØ±) Ù¾ÙˆØ±Û’ Ø§Ù„ØªØ²Ø§Ù… Ú©Û’ Ø³Ø§ØªÚ¾ Ø§Ø¯Ø§ Ú©Ø±ØªÛ’ Ø±ÛÙˆÛ” Ø§ÙˆØ± Ø®Ø¯Ø§ Ú©Û’ Ø¢Ú¯Û’ Ø§Ø¯Ø¨ Ø³Û’ Ú©Ú¾Ú‘Û’ Ø±ÛØ§ Ú©Ø±Ùˆ (2:238)
Guard strictly your (habit of) prayers, especially the Middle Prayer; and stand before Allah in a devout (frame of mind).â€Ž (2:238)
Hadhrat Abu Hurairah (Radhiyallahu Anhu) narrates that he heard Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) say:”Allah Ta’ala will grant His Shade to seven (types) of persons on the day when their will be no shade besides His Shade. (Among the seven) one is a man whose heart is attached to the Masjid.” [Bukhari, Muslim]
Hadhrat Abdullah Ibn Mas’ood (Radhiyallahu Anhu) narrates that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam)said:â€œSoon will there be such people who will indulge in (worldly) conversation inside the Masjid. Allah cares not for them.â€
(Ibn Habbaan)This hadith refers to the prohibition of worldly talk inside the Masjid. It mentions the displeasure of Allah Taâ€™ala. Such people are deprived of His Mercy and instead invite Allahâ€™s Wrath. Before or after salah one should not simply hang around chitchatting casually about this and that, if we wonâ€™t engage in ibaadah or dhikr weshould leave the Masjid and save the conversation for another place in order to secure ourselves from displeasing Almighty Allah.
Hadhrat Anas (Radhiyallahu Anhu) narrates that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wa Sallam) said:â€œRefrain from these foul-smelling (vegetables) before coming to our Masaajid. If you wish to eat these, then eliminate the bad odour with fire. (i.e. by means of cooking).â€ (Tibraani)This hadith prohibits the eating of raw garlic, onions and the like before coming to the Masjid. Other ahadith specifically mention garlic and onions
And abandon open and secret sin; surely they who earn sin shall be recompensed with what they earned. 6. Surah Al-An’am : Ayah 120
It is narrated on the authority of Abu Huraira (Radi Allah Anhu) That: ” When, the son of Adam recites the Ayat of Sajdah (prostration) and then falls down in prostration, the Satan goes into seclusion and weeps and says: Alas, and in the narration of Abu Kuraib the words are: Woe unto me, the son of Adam was commanded to prostrate, and he prostrated and Paradise was entitled to him and I was commanded to prostrate, but I refused and am doomed to Hell.” Sahih Muslim :Book 1 Kitab Al-Iman, Number 144
It is narrated on the authority of Jabir (Radi Allah Anhu) that he heard the Apostle (may peace and blessings be upon him) saying
“Verily between man and between polytheism and unbelief is the negligence of prayer.” Sahih Muslim : Book 1 Kitab Al-Iman, Number 146
It is narrated on the authority of Abu Zubair (Radi Allah Anhu) that he heard Jabir b. ‘Abdullah (Radi Allah Anhu) saying. I heard the Messenger of Allah (sal-allahu-alleihi-wasallam) observing this: “Between man and polytheism and unbelief is the abandonment of salat.“ Sahih Muslim : Book 1 Kitab Al-Iman, Number 147
It is narrated on the authority of ‘Abdullah b. Mas’ud (Radi Allah Anhu) that he observed. I asked the Messenger of Allah (sal-allahu-alleihi-wasallam) which deed was the best. He (the Holy Prophet) replied: Prayer at its appointed hour. I (again) said: Then what? He (the Holy Prophet) replied: Kindness to the parents. I (again) said: Then what? He replied: Earnest endeavour (Jihad) in the cause of Allah. And I would have not ceased asking more questions but out of regard (for his feelings). Sahih Muslim : Book 1 Kitab Al-Iman, Number 151
It is reported on the authority of ‘Abdullah (Radi Allah Anhu) that the Apostle of Allah (sal-allahu-alleihi-wasallam) observed:
“The best of’ the deeds or deed is the (observance of) prayer at its proper time and kindness to the parents.” Sahih Muslim : Book 1 Kitab Al-Iman, Number 155
“Ha’. Mim. This is a revelation
from the Most Merciful, the Most Compassionate;
A Book whose verses have been well-expounded;
An Arabic Qur’an for those who have knowledge;
A herald of good news and a warner,
but most of them turn aside so they hear not.”
[41. Surah Fussilat : Ayah 1-4]
What Qur’an says about Qur’an?
Who Sent Qur’an?
“And this Qur’an is such that it could not be composed by any unless it be revealed from Allah. It is a confirmation of the revelation made before it and a detailed exposition of the Book. Beyond doubt it is from the Lord of the universe.” [10. Surah Yunus: Ayah 37]
“Do they not ponder about the Qur’an? Had it been from any other than Allah, they would surely have found in it much inconsistency.” [4. Surah Nisaa: Ayah 82]
On Whom Qur’an is Descended?
“(O Prophet Sall’Allahu alaihi wasallam), indeed We have revealed the Qur’an to you in portions.” [76. Surah Dahr : Ayah 23]
“And thus did We reveal this Arabic Qur’an to you that you may warn the people of the Mother of Cities (to wit, Makkah) and those who dwell around it; and warn them of the Day of Gathering concerning which there is no doubt: whereon some will be in Paradise, and some in theÂ Blazing Fire.” [42. Surah Ash-Shura : Ayah 7]