History of Qurbani
Qurbani (Sacrifice) is an ancient form of worship that is prevalent from the time of Hazrat Adam (Alaihis Salaam). The first sacrifice to be offered was that of Haabil and Qaabil, the two sons of Hazrat Adam (Alaihis Salaam). Hazrat Bibi Hawa (Radiallahu Ta’ala Anha) used to give birth to twins and Haabil was born with Leewa while Qaabil was born with Aqleemah. In terms of the Shariah during that time, Aqleemah was unlawful for Qaabil but Leewa was lawful for him. But because Aqleemah was prettier Qaabil tried to marry her. He argued with Hazrat Adam (Alaihis Salaam) who eventually told both his sons to offer a sacrifice, and the one whose sacrifice is burned by a heavenly fire would be true and sincere. Thus Qaabil brought a heap of wheat and Haabil slaughtered a sheep and placed it on a mountain. A fire from an unknown source appeared and burnt the meat, leaving the wheat untouched. At this miraculous happening Qaabil became jealous and made a firm intention to kill Haabil. [Tafseer Noorul Irfaan]
Referring to this incident, Allah Ta’ala states in the Glorious Qur’an, And narrate to them the true story about the two sons of Adam, when each of them offered a sacrifice (to Allah). It was accepted from one, but was rejected from the other. He (Qaabil) said, I swear that I shall kill
you. The other (Haabil) said, Allah accepts (the offering) only from the God-fearing. [Surah 5, Verse 27]
From this verse we learn that the eating of sacrificial meat was not permissible for the previous Ummahs. Their accepted sacrifice would be burnt by fire from Almighty Allah, while the rejected sacrifice would be left to rot. The eating of sacrificial meat is a distinctive privilege of the Ummah of Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). [Tafseer Noorul Irfaan] We can therefore see how Allah Taâ€™ala has bestowed His special favour upon us just because we are the Ummatis of His Beloved Rasool (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). Subhaanallah!
The month of Hajj and the day of Eid-ul-Adha remind us of the sacrifices of Hazrat Ibrahim Khaleelullah (Alaihis Salaam). Allah Ta’ala loved his act of devotion and sacrifice so much that He has made it incumbent on us to follow this beautiful Sunnah of Hazrat Ibrahim (Alaihis Salaam) till the Day of Qiyaamah. In fact sacrifices have been made for Allah Ta’ala since the time of Hazrat Adam (Alaihis Salaam) yet it was that of Hazrat Ibrahim (Alaihis Salaam) that Allah Ta’ala made incumbent on us to follow, further emphasizing how much Allah Ta’ala loved that act. From this we also learn that true devotion to Almighty Allah demands that one must be willing to sacrifice everything in the name of Allah, whether it be your wealth, family or life.
Qurbani instils in us selflessness, sharing and sacrifice and removes from us the carnal desire to hoard money. The intention of Qurbani is not to feed or eat the meat of Qurbani, but to fulfil a command of Allah Ta’ala and to renew the Sunnah of Hazrat Ibrahim (Alaihis Salaam). The Holy
Qur’an bears testament to this in the following verse,”Neither their flesh reaches to Allah nor their blood, but your piety reaches Him.” [Surah 22, Verse 37]
Significance of Qurbani
Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) once said to his beloved daughter Hazrat Bibi Fatima (Radiallahu Ta’ala Anha), “You must stand in the presence of your animal sacrifice, and bear witness to it, for then you will be granted forgiveness, with the first drop of blood that drips from it, for every sin you have committed. (As you stand there) you must say “Inna Salaati wa Nusuki wa Mahyaaya wa Mamaati Lillaahi Rabbil Aalameen”” [Ghunyalit Taalibi Tareeqal Haq, Vol. 3]
What Rasoolullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) told Hazrat Bibi Fatima (Radiallahu Ta’ala Anha) to recite in the above Hadith is a verse of the Holy Qur’an, the translation of which is, â€œUndoubtedly, my prayer, and my sacrifices, and my living and my dying are all for Allah Who is
the Lord of all the worlds.â€ [Surah 6, Verse 162]
The Day of Eid ul Adha (Day of Sacrifice) is an important occasion celebrated by Muslims globally on the 10th of Dhul Hijjah to honor the willingness of Ê¾IbrÄhÄ«m (Abraham)(peace be upon him) to sacrifice his son IsmÄ’Ä«l (Ishmael)(peace be upon him) as an act of obedience to Allah Taâ€™ala, before Allah Taâ€™ala intervened to provide him with a ram to sacrifice instead.
It reminds us how obedience to our Lord Allah Taâ€™ala is the answer to everything. This means surrendering your life, your whole being, all that you are, all that you have and all that you identify with to and only for Allah Taâ€™ala.
When you sacrifice everything that you identify with to Allah Taâ€™ala, He gives to you your authentic and eternal self. That is the spiritual â€œsecretâ€ so many of us seek. Both Eid-ul-Adha and Hajj serve as a special occasion that definitely gets one in touch with this â€œsecretâ€.
Eid-ul-Adha is a day on which a Muslim should bring himself or herself even more closer to Allah Taâ€™ala by means of doing good deedsâ€”such as Prayers, Qurbani(sacrifice),caring for the poor and the needy, visiting the sick people, helping those who are in need and refraining from evil practices such as harming people and severing ties of kinship.
In short, `Eid Al-Adha is a model for the Muslim community which maintains love, care, brotherhood and sisterhood, beauty, and solidarity. `Eid has significant social, educational, devotional, and spiritual messages that Muslims should grasp and translate into a complete way of life.
“Udhiya”is an Arabic word meaning “blood sacrifice”, and “Qurbani” is an Urdu and Persian word derived from the Arabic word “Qurban” which literally means an act performed to seek Allah Taâ€™alaâ€™s pleasure. It is technically used for the sacrifice of an animal slaughtered for the sake of Allah Ta’ala.
The sacrifice of an animal has always been a recognised form of worship in many religions, but in the ‘Shariah’ (Islamic sacred law) of The Last and Final Messenger of Allah Ta’ala (Peace be upon him) the sacrifice of an animal has been recognised as a form of ibadah (worship) during the three days of the month Zul Hijjah, namely the 10th, 11th, and 12th .
This is to commemorate the unparalleled sacrifice offered by the Prophet Sayyidna Ibrahim, Alayhi Salam, when he, in pursuance to a command of Allah Ta’ala conveyed to him in a dream, prepared himself to slaughter his beloved son, Sayyidna Isma’il, Alayhi Salam, and actually intended to do so, but Allah Ta’ala the Almighty, after testing his submission, sent down a sheep and saved his son from the logical fate of slaughter. It is from this incident that the sacrifice of an animal became an obligatory duty to be performed by every Muslim who has the means to do it.
On who is obligatory?
Qurbani is Wajib (obligatory) on every Muslim who is
Of sound mind – mature (has reached the age of puberty),
Muqeem (i.e. he is not a Shari traveller)
Possesses the amount of 612,36 grams of silver or wealth equivalent to that value which is in excess of one’s basic needs and debts on any of the three days of Qurbani. It is not necessary that this amount be in one’s possession for a complete lunar year. (please do consult your local Islamic Scholars for more details)
What the Qur’an and Hadith says:
Allah Ta’ala Ta’ala, The Most Wise says:
“It is not their meat nor their blood that reaches Allah, it is your piety that reaches Him. Indeed He has subjected them (animals) to you so that you may glorify Allah for guiding you, and give glad tidings to those who excel in good.” (Quran-22:37)
The Noble Messenger of Allah Ta’ala(Peace be upon him) is reported to have said:
“For every hair that is on the sacrificial animal, one reward is recorded for the person making the Qurbani.”
“There is nothing dearer to Allah during the days of Qurbani than the sacrificing of animals. The sacrificed animal shall come on the Day of Qiyamah with its horns, hair and hooves (to be weighed in reward). The sacrifice is accepted by Allah before the blood reaches the ground. Therefore sacrifice with an open and happy heart.”
“Whoever has the capacity to sacrifice and does not do so, should not come to the place where the Eid prayer is offered.“ (Hadith-Ibn Majah).
Therefore if you have the means to do Qurbani, do not ignore or delay in discharging this important part of Deen. There are many more details that relate to Qurbani which have not been covered in this brief article.
Saying “Jazak Allahu khayran” (“May Allah reward you generously”) is established from the sunnah of the Beloved Messenger of Allah (pbuh).
The Messenger of Allah (pbuh) said, “If good is done to someone and then they say “Jazak Allahu khayran” to the one who did the good, they have indeed praised them well.” [Tirmidhi]
What should one reply if someone says Jazak Allahu khayran to him?
There is a hadeeth in Saheeh Ibn Hibbaan in which the Sahaabi said Jazak Allahu Khyran to the Messenger (pbuh) and in reply he said
And you too, May Allah reward to with Khayr.
The Hadeeth is narrated by Usayd Ibn Hudair
wa iyyaka wa jazaka
â€œAnd you as wellâ€ (wa iyyaka) or â€œAnd may He reward you.â€ (wa jazaka)
Or we can also reply using ,,,,
“wa anta fajazakallahu khaira“.
When two or more companions said to the holy prophet (sallallahu alyhi wa sallam) jazak Allahu khair – the holy prophet replied
“wa antum fajazakumullahu khaira“.
The word wa-iyyaakum has the same meaning and is the shorter version of wa-antum-fajazakumullahu-khair. Not a big deal though, but it is always better to use the words that are transmitted in sunnah than words that we invent.
The correct way of saying May Allah reward you with good in different grammatical forms, i.e. to a man, woman, group etc.:
To a male: Jazak Allahu khayran
To a female: Jazaki-llahu khayran
To two people (whether male/female): Jazakuma Allahu khayran
To three men or more: Jazakum Allahu khayran
To three women or more: Jazakumunna-llaahu khayran
The Love and respect of Prophet Muhammed S.A.S is the center of Iman.
Allah, The Most Exalted, says “We have not sent thee(Muhammad peace be upon him) Except as a Mercy to the Worlds.” [Qurâ€™an:Surah 21 Aayat 107]
Humanity, both Muslims and Non-Muslims bear testimony to the excellent character of the Noble and Last Messenger of Allah Taâ€™ala (peace be upon him). It is tragic that every now and then, biased and offensive works against Islam and Prophet Muhammad (peace be on him) are circulated in the media. In addition to the recent provocative anti-Prophet film, a satirical French magazine published new cartoons mocking Prophet Muhammad (peace be on him). It is a repeated scenario: the same messages of enmity, hate and antagonism are being recycled again and again.
Any film or publication which vilifies any Prophet of Almighty Allah (pbuh) justifies condemnation. This film not only vilifies the personality who is revered by billions of followers in every part of the world, but it also constitutes a grave misrepresentation.
The offensive film is directed at the following mischief:-
Firstly, it is obviously intended to create the furor and backlash which it has achieved. The evil perpetrators of this heinous conduct i.e. all those associated, in any way whatsoever with the creation and dissemination of such film intended and effectuated the loss of lives and other negative consequences that have since ensued.
Bismillah Walhamdulillah Was Salaatu Was Salaam ‘ala Rasulillah
As-Salaam Alaikum Wa-Rahmatullahi Wa-Barakatuhu
Eat with right hand
Narrated by Abdullah ibn Umar(Radhiallaho anho):
Allah’s Messenger (sallAllaahu ‘alaihi wasallam) said: When any one of you intends to eat (meal), he should eat with his right hand, and when he (intends) to drink he should drink with his right hand, for the Satan eats with his left hand and drinks with his left hand.
Sahih Muslim Number 5008
Drinking of water while standing
Narrated by Anas ibn Malik(Radhiallaho anho):
Allah’s Messenger (sallAllaahu ‘alaihi wasallam) disapproved the drinking of water while standing.
Â Sahih Muslim Number 5017
Blessing in food sticking to fingers
Narrated by Abu Huraira (Radhiallaho anho):
Allah’s Messenger (sallAllaahu ‘alaihi wasallam) said: When any one of you eats food he should lick his fingers, for he does not know in what part of the food sticking to his fingers the blessing lies.
Â Sahih Muslim Number 5050
Supplication of illness
Narrated by Aisha(Radhiallaho anha):
When Allah’s Messenger (sallAllaahu `alaihi wasallam) fell ill, Gabriel used to recite these verses: “In the name of Allah, He may cure you from all kinds of illness and safeguard you from the evil of a jealous one when he feels jealous and from the evil influence of eye.
Â Sahih Muslim Number 5424