All praise is for Allah who ennobled the ability of those who desire to be his servants. I testify that there is no deity except Allah, the King of the distressed and the happy, I testify that our master Muhammad is his beloved Messenger, who establishes the right path, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, his family, his companions and the outstanding leaders.
The excellence and virtues of the second caliph of Islam, Sayyiduna Umar al-Farooq, may Allah be pleased with him, are more than can be counted. Here, I am mentioning the most famous ones. I only wish to bless myself by serving him by this remnant to benefit he who does not know much of his virtues by the ignorance before him. This small collection of Traditions will in sha Allah increase and elevate his rank in our hearts and minds and tell us of his exalted status in the court of Almighty Allah and His beloved Messenger SallAllaho Alaihi wa Sallam.
1. Sayyiduna Abdullah bin Abbas (may Allah be pleased with both the father and the son) reports the Holy Prophet, may Allah send greetings and salutations on him, as saying:
“O Allah, strengthen Islam with Abu Jahl bin Hisham or Umar bin Khattab.” In the morning Umar went to the Holy Prophet, may Allah send greetings and salutations on him, and embraced Islam. [Sunan Tirmidhi, Hadith 3683]
2. Sayyiduna Abdullah bin Abbas (may Allah be pleased with both the father and the son) narrates when Sayyiduna Umar Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu accepted Islam, Jibraeel Alaihis Salam descent and said:
“O Muhammad – may Allah send greetings and salutations on him – indeed, the residents of the heavens are rejoicing in Umar`s embracing Islam.” [Sunan Ibn Majah, Hadith 103]
3. It is related that Sayyiduna ‘Abdullah Radi Allahu Ta’ala Anhu said,
“We have become mighty since ‘Umar became Muslim.” [Sahih al-Bukhari, Book of the Virtues of the Companions, Hadith 3481]
4. Sayyiduna Uqbah bin Amir (may Allah be pleased with him) narrates that the Holy Prophet, may Allah send greetings and salutations on him, said:
If there were to be a prophet after me, indeed he would be Umar, son of Khattab. [Sunan Tirmidhi, Hadith 3686]
5. It is related that Sayyiduna Jabir ibn ‘Abdullah said that the Prophet, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said,
“I dreamt that I entered the Garden and there was ar-Rumaysa’, the wife of Abu Talha. I heard a faint sound and said, ‘Who is this?’ He said, ‘This is Bilal.’ I saw a palace with a girl in its courtyard and said, ‘Who does this belong to?’ They said, ”Umar.’ I wanted to enter it and look at it but then I remembered your jealousy.’ ‘Umar said, ‘By my mother and father, Messenger of Allah, would I be jealous on account of you?'” [Sahih al-Bukhari, Book of the Virtues of the Companions, Hadith 3476]
6. Sayyiduna Abdullah bin Umar (may Allah be pleased with both the father and the son) narrates that one day the Holy Prophet, may Allah send greetings and salutations on him, went out and entered the mosque with Abu Bakr and Umar, one on his right hand and the other on his left, holding their hands. Then he said:
“We will be raised thus on the Day of Resurrection.” [Sunan Tirmidhi, Hadith 3669]
7. Sayyiduna Jabir bin Abdullah (may Allah be pleased with both the father and the son) narrates:
Umar said to Abu Bakr, “O best of men after Allah`s Messenger, may Allah send greetings and salutations on him!” Abu Bakr replied, “Seeing that you have that, (I would also tell you that) I heard Allah`s Messenger, may Allah send greetings and salutations on him, say, “The sun has not risen on a better man than Umar.”” [Sunan Tirmidhi, Hadith 3684]
8. Sayyiduna Abdullah bin Umar (may Allah be pleased with both the father and the son) narrates that Allah`s Messenger, may Allah send greetings and salutations on him, said,
“Indeed, Allah has placed truth upon Umar’s tongue and heart.” [Sunan Tirmidhi, Hadith 2682]
9. It is related from Sayyiduna Abu Hamzah that the Messenger of Allah, may Allah bless him and grant him peace, said,
“While I was asleep, I dreamt that I drank (milk) until I could feel moisture coming out of my nails and then I gave it to ‘Umar ibn al-Khattab.” They asked, “How do you interpret it, Messenger of Allah?” He replied, “It means knowledge.” [Sahih al-Bukhari, Book of the Virtues of the Companions, Hadith 3478]
Hadrat Sayyida Maimoona was the last wife of the Holy Prophet (Sallallaho Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam). She belonged to the tribe of Banu-Hilala. The Holy Prophet (Sallallaho Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam) had another wife from the same tribe. The other wife’s name was Zainab, commonly known as Ummul-Masakeen (Mother of the needy and poor) . Maimoona was her second adopted name. Her first name Barra was changed by the Holy Prophet (Sallallaho Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam) and the new name Maimoona was given. Her father Harith bin Hazam was one of the respected chief of tribe Banu-Hilala and he had sixteen daughters. One of his daughters namely Umm-ul-Fazal was the wife of Hadrat Abbas, who was the Holy Prophet’s uncle. His another daughter namely Umm-e-Salma was married to Hadrat Hamza, another uncle of the Holy Prophet (Sallallaho Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam). Another daughter Lubaba was the mother of Hadrat Khalid bin Walid (A renowned General of Muslims who fought against Iranians and was given the title of “Sword of Allah” by the Holy Prophet (Sallallaho Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam). Harith’s some other daughters were later married to Hadrat Umar, the second Caliph and Hadrat Ali, the fourth Caliph. Another daughter Asma was married to Hadrat Jafar. Thus most of Hadrat Maimoona’s sisters were married to the pioneering revolutionary leaders of Islam.
Hadrat Maimoona was the last wife of the Holy Prophet (Sallallaho Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam) and he did not marry afterwards. The Prophet (Sallallaho Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam) was about sixty years old at the time of his marriage with Hadrat Maimoona. She lived three years married life with the Holy Prophet (Sallallaho Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam). Prior to her marriage twice. Her first marriage took place with Masood bin Amr. Masood divorced her and then she was married to Abu Rahim bin Abdul Aza. Abu Rahim died in the seventh year of Hijra. After Abu Rahim’s death the Holy Prophet’s Uncle Hadrat Abbas persuaded the Holy Prophet Mohammad (Sallallaho Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam) to marry Maimoona.
Hadrat Maymuna or Hadrat Barra as she was then called, yearned to marry the Prophet. She went to her sister, Umm al Fadl to talk to her about that and she, in turn, spoke to her husband, al-Abbas. Al-Abbas immediately went to the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) with Maymuna’s offer of marriage to him and her proposal was accepted. When the good news reached her, she was on a camel, and she immediately got off the camel and said, “The camel and what is on it is for the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him).” They were married in the month of Shawwal in 7 AH just after the Muslims of Medina were permitted to visit Mecca under the terms of the treaty of Hudaybiyya to perform umra.
The Holy Prophet (Sallallaho Alaihi wa Aalihi wa Sallam) was wearing Ihram (Ihram is the dress for performing Hajj or Umrah comprised of two sheets of cloth, one wrapped around the waist and the other around the shoulder. After putting on Ihram, one can not trim his hair, cut his nails, abuse or have sex etc.). In the same condition he sent five hundred Dirhams as Mehr to Hadrat Maimoona and the Nikah ceremony was Performed While on return after Umra from Makkah to Madina, he stayed at a place called Saraf. This place is ten miles away from Makkah on way to Madina. At Saraf, the feast of Walima ( The feast, i.e. lunch or dinner offered to friends and guests on the next day of the marriage) was held.
Sunnahs of Prophet Muhammad [PBUH]
A Quick Refresher – Sunnahs of Our Beloved Prophet Muhammad [PBUH]
Sunnahs of Eating:
x Sit and eat on the floor.
x Spread out a cloth on the floor first before eating.
x Wash both hands up to the wrists.
x Recite ‘Bismillah wa’la barakatillah’ aloud.
x Eat with the right hand.
x Eat from the side that is in front of you.
x If a morsel of food falls down, pick it up, clean it and eat it.
x Do not lean and eat.
x Do not find fault with the food.
x Remove your shoes before eating.
x When eating, sit with either both knees on the ground or one knee raised or both knees raised.
x Clean the plate and other utensils thoroughly after eating.
x By doing this, the utensils make dua for one’s forgiveness.
x Recite dua after eating.
x First remove the food then get up.
x After meals wash both the hands.
x Thereafter gargle the mouth.
x Whilst eating one should not remain completely silent.
x Eat with three fingers if possible.
x One should not eat very hot food.
x Do not blow on the food.
x After eating one should lick his fingers.
Sunnahs of drinking:
x A Muslim should drink with the right hand. Shaytaan Drinks with the left hand.
x Sit and drink.
x Recite ‘Bismillah’ before drinking.
x After drinking say ‘ Alhamdullilah’.
x Drink in 3 breaths removing the utensil from the mouth after each sip.
x Do not drink directly from the jug or bottle. One should pour the contents into a glass first and then drink.
1. –Our Knowledge– Wasted by not taking action with it.
2. –Our Actions– Wasted by committing them with out sincerity.
3. –Our Wealth– Wasted by using on things that will not bring us ajr. We waste our money, our status, our authority, on things which have no benefit in this life or in akhirah.
4. –Our Hearts– Wasted because they are empty from the love of Allah, and the feeling of longing to go to Him, and a feeling of peace and contentment. In it’s place, our hearts are filled with something or someone else.
5. –Our Bodies– Wasted because we don’t use them in ibadah and service of Allah
6. –Our Love– Our emotional love is misdirected, not towards Allah, but towards something/someone else.
7. –Our Time– Wasted, not used properly, to compensate for that which has passed, by doing what is righteous to make up for past deeds
8. –Our Intellect– Wasted on things that are not beneficial, that are detremental to society and the individual, not in contemplation or reflection.
9. –Our Service– Wasted in service of someone who will not bring us closer to Allah, or benefit in dunyaa
10. –Our Dhikr– Wasted, because it does not effect us or our hearts.
[Sahih Muslim : Book 1, Number 0161]
It is reported on the authority of Abu Huraira (Radi Allah Anhu) that the Messenger of Allah (sal-allahu- alleihi-wasallam ) observed: Avoid the seven noxious things. It was said (by the hearers): What are they, Messenger of Allah (sal-allahu- alleihi-wasallam ) ? He (the Holy Prophet (sal-allahu- alleihi-wasallam ) ) replied:
1. Associating anything with Allah,
3. Killing of one whom God has declared inviolate without a just cause,
4. Consuming the property of an orphan,
5. And consuming of usury,
6. Turning back when the army advances,
7. And slandering chaste women who are believers, but unwary.
[ALLAH’S Quran – 4:40 ] “Indeed, Allah does not do injustice, [even] as much as an atom’s weight; while if there is a good deed, He multiplies it and gives from Himself a great reward.”
The Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) has said:
[Bukhari, Book #2, Hadith #40] “Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah’s Apostle said, “If any one of you improve (follows strictly) his Islamic religion then his good deeds will be rewarded ten times to seven hundred times for each good deed and a bad deed will be recorded as it is.”
[Bukhari, Book #93, Hadith #592] “Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah’s Apostle said, “Allah says, “If My slave intends to do a bad deed then (O Angels) do not write it unless he does it; if he does it, then write it as it is, but if he refrains from doing it for My Sake, then write it as a good deed (in his account). (On the other hand) if he intends to go a good deed, but does not do it, then write a good deed (in his account), and if he does it, then write it for him (in his account) as ten good deeds up to seven-hundred times.”
[Muslim, Book #001, Hadith #0234] “It is narrated on the authority of Abu Huraira that the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) observed: Allah, the Great and Glorious, said: Whenever my bondsman intends to do good, but does not do it, I write one good act for him, but if he puts it into practice I wrote from ten to seven hundred good deeds in favor of him. When he intends to commit an evil, but does not actually do it, do not record it. But if he does it, I write only one evil.”
[Muslim, Book #041, Hadith #7039] “Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) having said: Hasten to do good deeds before six things happen: the rising of the sun from the west, the smoke, the Dajjal, the beast and (the death) of one of you or the general turmoil.”
[Abudawud, Book #41, Hadith #5059] “Narrated Abu Ayyash: The Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) said: If anyone says in the morning: “There is no god but Allah alone Who has no partner; to Him belong the dominions, to Him praise is due, and He is Omnipotent,” he will have a reward equivalent to that for setting free a slave from among the descendants of Isma’il. He will have ten good deeds recorded for him, ten evil deeds deducted from him, he will be advanced ten degrees, and will be guarded from the Devil till the evening. If he says them in the evening, he will have a similar recompense till the morning. The version of Hammad says: A man saw the Apostle of Allah (peace_be_upon_him) in a dream and said: Apostle of Allah! Abu Ayyash is relating such and such on your authority. He said: Abu Ayyash has spoken the truth.”