Bismillah Walhamdulillah Was Salaatu Was Salaam ‘ala Rasulillah
As-Salaam Alaikum Wa-Rahmatullahi Wa-Barakatuhu
Ramadan – Nawafil Prayers
Narrated by Abu Huraira (Radhiallaho anho):
Allah’s Messenger (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wasallam)said, “Whoever fasted the month of Ramadan out of sincere Faith (i.e. belief) and hoping for a reward from Allah, then all his past sins will be forgiven, and whoever stood for the prayers in the night of Qadr out of sincere Faith and hoping for a reward from Allah, then all his previous sins will be forgiven .”
Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol. 3 : No. 231
Ramadan – Umra in Ramadan equivalent to Hajj
Narrated by Ibn Abbas (Radhiallaho anho):
When Allah’s Messenger (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wasallam) returned after performing his Hajj, he asked Um Sinan Al-Ansari, “What did forbid you to perform Hajj?” She replied, “Father of so-and-so (i.e. her husband) had two camels and he performed Hajj on one of them, and the second is used for the irrigation of our land.” The Prophet said (to her), “Perform ‘Umra in the month of Ramadan, (as it is equivalent to Hajj or Hajj with me (in reward).”
Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol. 3 : No. 86
Ramadan – Fasting on one’s behalf
Narrated by Aisha (Radhiallaho anha):
Allah’s Messenger (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wasallam)said, “Whoever died and he ought to have fasted (the missed days of Ramadan) then his guardians must fast on his behalf.”
Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol. 3 : No. 173
Ramadan – Suhur
Narrated by Anas bin Malik (Radhiallaho anho):
Allah’s Messenger (sallallaahu ‘alaihi wasallam)said, “Take Suhur as there is a blessing in it.”
Sahih Al-Bukhari Vol. 3 : No. 146
In the name of Allah, The Beneficent, The Merciful
1. O ye who believe! Fulfil your undertakings.
(AlQuran. Surah AlMaaida. Para # 6)
2. O ye who believe! Why say ye that which ye do not (actually) do?
It is most Hateful in the Sight Of Allah that ye should say that which ye do not (actually) do.
(AlQuran. Surah AlSSaf. Para # 28)
3. And keep the Convenants; surely of the Convenant it will be asked.
(AlQuran. Surah Banii Israael. Para # 15)
4. And fulfil the Convenant of Allah when ye have convenanted, and Break not your Oaths after the asseveration of them, and after ye have made Allah surety over you.Surely Allah knoweth what ye do.
(AlQuran. Surah AlNakhl. Para # 14)
DU’A AT THE TIME OF DISTRESS
“Has -bi -yal-laa-hu wa ni’- mal wa-keel”.
Allah (SWT) is sufficient for me and He is the Best Helper.
DU’A BEFORE SLEEPING
“Allahumma bismika amuutu wa ahyaa”.
O Allah (SWT)! With your name I die and I live.
DU’A AFTER WAKING UP
“Alhamdulillaahillazi ahyaanaa ba’da maa amaata-naa wa ilaihinnushuur”.
All praise to Allah (SWT), Who revived us to life after giving us death, and to him we shall have to return.
DU’A IN THANKFULNESS
“Yaa rabbil lakal”hamdu kama yanbaghii lijalaali wajhika, wa’aziimi sultaanik.”
O my Lord, all praises be to You as it should be due to Your Might and the Greatness of Your Power.
DU’A IN APPRECIATION OF OTHER’S KINDNESS
May Allah (SWT) return your kindness.
DU’A FOR PARENTS
“Rabbighfir lii wa liwaalidayya wa lilmu”miniina yauma yaquumul’hisaab, Rabbirhamhumaa kamaa rabbayaanii shaghiiraa.”
O Lord, forgive me, my parents and Muslims in the Hereafter. O Lord, show mercy on them as they have nourished me when I was young.
DU’A BEFORE STUDYING
“Allaahumma infa’nii bimaa ‘allamtanii wa’allimnii maa yanfa’unii.”
O my Lord, make useful for me what you hath thought me and teach me knowledge that will be useful to me.
DU’A FOR KNOWLEDGE
“Rabbi Zid-Nee ‘iL-Maa”
My Lord, increase me in Knowledge.
Israa and Miraaj – Dr. Bilal Philips
Masjid Al-Aqsa and The Dome of the Rock
Israa literally means a journey by night and Miraaj literally means an elevator, i.e., an instrument which lifts something up.
But, in Islaam, Israa refers to a miraculous night-journey made by the last Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) from Makkah to Jerusalem, and Miraaj refers to the vehicle which took the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) from Jerusalem, up and out of the universe, through the seven heavens, and into the direct presence of Allaah.
Towards the end of a calm night, one year before the Hijrah, the roof of Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) house split open and angel Jibreel (Gabriel) descended into the Prophets (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) room. He went over to the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam), opened his shirt and cut open his chest.
He then removed his heart and washed its inside with Zam Zam water. After he had completed washing it, he then brought a gold dish filled with Eemaan (faith) and Hikmah (wisdom), emptied it into the Prophets (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) chest and then closed it all up.
Jibreel then nudged the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) until he awoke. When the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) got up, Jibreel took a hold of his hand and lead him outside of his house to the gate of Kabah.
There the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) found a strange unearthly animal. It was smaller than a mule but larger than a donkey, white in color and having a wing on either of its hind legs. He was informed that its name was â€œBuraaqâ€, a name taken from the Arabic word Barq which means a flash of lightning.
Jibreel helped the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) mount it and they set off to the north. Each stride of the Buraaq took it to the horizon, and, in no time they reached Jerusalem. There the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) dismounted and tied the animal to the same ring on the door of al-Masjid al-Aqsaa used by the prophets.
The Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) entered the Masjid and prayed two Rakahs. When he finished he noticed a group of other prophets also making Salaah there. He saw among them Prophet Moosaa, Prophet Eesaa and Prophet Ibraaheem.
Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) was then told to lead them all in Salaah. When the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) finished this Salaah, someone said to him, â€œThis is Maalik, the guardian of the Hellfire, so give him Salaams.â€ When he turned around to greet him, the angel gave him Salaams before he had time to do so. Jibreel then brought two vessels and presented them to the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam). One was filled with wine and the other filled with milk. The Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam) chose the vessel filled with milk and drank from it.
Jibreel then said, â€œYou have been guided to the Fitrah.â€
The Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) reported that the devil said to God: “I shall continue to lead Thy servants astray as long as their spirits are in their bodies.”
And God replied: “(Then) I shall continue to pardon them as long as they ask My forgiveness.” – Al-Tirmidhi, Hadith 742
Question: Why is a man allowed to have more than one wife in Islam? i.e. why is polygamy allowed in Islam?
1. Definition of Polygamy
Polygamy means a system of marriage whereby one person has more than one spouse. Polygamy can be of two types. One is polygyny where a man marries more than one woman, and the other is polyandry, where a woman marries more than one man. In Islam, limited polygyny is permitted; whereas polyandry is completely prohibited.
Now coming to the original question, why is a man allowed to have more than one wife?
2. The Qur’an is the only religious scripture in the world that says,”marry only one”.
The Qur’an is the only religious book, on the face of this earth, that contains the phrase `marry only one’. There is no other religious book that instructs men to have only one wife. In none of the other religious scriptures, whether it be the Vedas, the
Ramayan, the Mahabharat, the Geeta, the Talmud or the Bible does one find a restriction on the number of wives. According to these scriptures one can marry as many as one wishes. It was only later,
that the Hindu priests and the Christian Church restricted the number of wives to one.
Many Hindu religious personalities, according to their scriptures, had multiple wives. King Dashrat, the father of Rama, had more than one wife. Krishna had several wives.
The Messenger of Allah[peace be upon him] has mentioned, “When the night approaches then prevent your children (from venturing outdoors) because verily Shaitaan spreads out at this time, …..” (Hadith-Sahih Bukhari).
In another narration Rasulullah[pbuh] has stated,
” Don’t let your animals and children out from the time the sun sets until the first portion of darkness passes (i.e. Esha time sets in), for indeed Shaitaan sets out from the time the sun sets until the first portion of darkness passes by.” (Hadith-Sahih Muslim)
Safeguarding our children from the evil elements that lurk in our environment is an incumbent duty of the parents, just as it is incumbent to safeguard them from all other evils.
The tendency today is to allow children the freedom to roam out of the house during this time, when the Shayateen and their evil influences are at their strongest.
From the above narrations we learn that parents are duty-bound to ensure that children are given the necessary protection during this time in an Islamic environment.
May Allah Ta’ala protect our innocent children from all forms of evil. Aameen