PROPHET MUHAMMAD (peace be upon him) stayed in Makkah calling the people of his hometown to the message of Allah for 13 years and the number of people who embraced Islam did not exceed 70. The Prophet (peace be upon him) suffered a lot at the hands of his people who rejected the new religion, in spite of its noble and uplifting values. During that initial phase of Islam, Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) was fully occupied with instilling the idea of monotheism or the Oneness of God in his people’s minds.
When the Prophet (peace be upon him) migrated to Madina where he (peace be upon him) spent 10 years of his life, that are truly considered the most profitable and fruitful ones in the history of Islam. As soon as he settled in Madina, the Prophet (peace be upon him) started to work for establishing the Muslim state. If we deeply study the foundations upon which Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) established this state, we will discover that it was a modern state in the full sense of the word:
• When the Prophet (peace be upon him) arrived in Madina, he started building a mosque first to serve as the parliament for the nascent Muslim state. In other words, it was not only a place of worship but a place for discussing and reviewing all the matters related to the general good of Muslims and Islam.
• The second step taken by Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) was to effect a reconciliation between Aws and Khazraj, the two most powerful tribes of Madina. This is what is called nowadays in political circles as establishing social peace and political stability.
• The third step was to sign non-aggression treaties with the Jews which in the present terminology is called establishing and fostering good neighborliness. But, unfortunately, the Jews, as usual, violated the treaty which made Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) expel them from Madina to keep their mischief away from the new-born Muslim state and this is what is called today political shrewdness.
• The Prophet (peace be upon him) established the principle of Shoura (Consultation). He (peace be upon him) used to consult his Companions to seek their views on all matters of importance, giving everybody the chance to present his or her point of view. He never hesitated to accept and act on any reasonable point of view, in spite of the fact that it might be contrary to his own view. This is what we call today the democratic spirit and public opinion polls.
• The Noble Prophet (peace be upon him) was deeply concerned about equality. He emphasized on many occasions that all Muslims regardless of their color, race, wealth and social status are equal and this accomplished what we call today as human rights.
• The Prophet (peace be upon him) always emphasized the positive role of women in building the Muslim society and always stressed that her role is as important as that of man, and this is what we have come to call today women’s rights or women’s empowerment.
[ALLAH’S Quran 107:1-3] “Have you ever considered (the kind of person) who denies the Judgment (to come)? It is (the person) who drives away the orphan with harshness and feels no urge to feed the needy.”
The PROPHET (Peace Be Upon Him) has said:
[Muslim, Book #005, Hadith #2290] “Abu Said al-Khudri reported: The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) was sitting on the pulpit and we were sitting around him, and he said: What I am afraid of in regard to you after my death is that there would be opened for you the adornments of the world and its beauties. A person said: Messenger of Allah, does good produce evil? The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) remained silent. And it was said to him (the man who had asked the question from the Holy Prophet): What Is the matter with you, that you speak with the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) but he does not speak with you? We thought as if the revelation was descending upon him. He regained himself and wiped the sweat from him and said: He was the inquirer (and his style of expression showed as if he praised him and then added): Verily good does not produce evil. Whatever the spring rainfall causes to grow kills or is about to kill, but that (animal) which feeds on vegetation. It eats till its flanks are filled; it faces the sun and dungs and urinates. and then returns to eat. And this Wealth is a sweet vegetation, and it is a good companion for a Muslim who gives out of it to the needy, to the orphan. to the wayfarer or something like that as the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) said: He who takes it without his right is like one who eats but does not feel satisfied, and it would stand witness against him on the Day of judgment.”
Volume 1, Book 11, Number 600 :
Narrated ‘Abdullah bin Mughaffal:
The prophet said, “There is a prayer between the two Adhans (Adhan and Iqama), there is a prayer between the two Adhans.” And then while saying it the third time he added, “For the one who wants to (pray).”
Volume 1, Book 11, Number 610 :
Narrated ‘Aun bin Abi Juhaifa:
My father said, “I saw Bilal turning his face from side to side while pronouncing the Adhan for the prayer
Volume 1, Book 11, Number 609 :
The Prophet said, “When you hear the Iqama, proceed to offer the prayer with calmness and solemnity and do not make haste. And pray whatever you are able to pray and complete whatever you have missed.
Volume 1, Book 11, Number 610 :
Narrated ‘Abdullah bin Abi Qatada:
My father said. “Allah’s Apostle said, ‘If the Iqama is pronounced then do not stand for the prayer till you see me (in front of you).’ ”
Volume 1, Book 11, Number 615 :
Once the Iqama was pronounced and the Prophet was talking to a man (in a low voice) in a corner of the mosque and he did not lead the prayer till (some of) the people had slept (dozed in a sitting posture).
Volume 1, Book 11, Number 618 :
Narrated ‘Abdullah bin Umar:
Allah’s Apostle said, “The prayer in congregation is twenty-seven times superior to the prayer offered by person alone.”
Thousands of years ago a boy questioned his father about the idols he would make. The town he grew up in adhered to the religion of their ancestors. However, this young boy thought differently. He reasoned and wondered why they worshipped idols? How could the idols benefit them? Could the idols even defend themselves if they were attacked? More importantly, is it not true that it was God who created the heavens and the earth and everything that exits? Then why do humans worship what they make with their own hands?
Furthermore, who will these people call upon if they happen to be in the midst of a storm while at sea? Will they not turn to the heavens and call upon the One God, who is unseen and who hears every call?
His father and his people, could not answer him so they shrugged him off. Since no one paid heed to the boy’s words, he decided to put his words into a dramatic scene, as a picture is worth a thousand words. He found an opportunity on the day when everyone was away celebrating a festival. When the people returned they found all the idols broken except for the biggest one. An axe was leaning against it. What could this mean? They did not get the picture.
The young lad was their prime suspect. On confrontation, he said that the big idol must have done it and it must be questioned.
At that moment they understood the message and realized their plight.
“The idol does not speak. And how could a lifeless idol break other idols,” they protested.
“Then,” asked the boy, “Why do you worship these lifeless idols?” The point was driven home in a dramatic fashion.
The boy grew up to be Ibrahim (Abraham), the Prophet and Messenger of Allah calling people to worship Allah alone, the Creator of everything that exists. Ibrahim (peace be upon him) is also revered by Judaism and Christianity.
“And from the people is he who worships Allah as if he were on an edge (i.e. in doubt): if good befalls him, he is content with it. And if a trial befalls him, he turns back on his face. He loses both this world and the Hereafter. That is the clear loss.” (Qur’an, 22:11)
Commenting on this verse, Ibn Kathir said in his Tafsir (3/279): Such a person enters the religion on an edge. So, if he finds what he likes, he sticks with it. Otherwise, he retreats. Al-Bukhari reported that Ibn Abbas said, “A man would come to Madina. If his wife gave birth to a son and his mare gave birth to foals, he would say, ‘This is a good religion.’
If his wife didn’t give birth and his mare didn’t either, he would say, ‘This is a terrible religion.’” Ibn Abbas also said, “Some bedouins would come to the Prophet and become Muslims and then they would return to their homelands.
If they returned to a year of rain, produce, and good children being born, they would say, ‘This religion of ours is good. So, stick to it.’ If they came back to a year of hunger, bad children being born, and drought, they would say, ‘There is no good in this religion of ours.’ So, Allah revealed this (the above) verse.”
Abdul Rahman Bin Zayd Bin Aslam said (about this verse): “This is with regard to the hypocrite. If everything is going well for him in his life, he is consistent in his worship.
If things change and go bad for him, he goes back and wavers in his worship, except when things are going well.
So, if a trial, hardship, test, or inconvenience befalls him, he abandons his religion and returns to kufr (disbelief).”