The Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam said: “The superiority of Aisha over other women is like the superiority of Tharid (a special gravy dish) to other meals.” (Bukhari)
During the final illness of the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam he used to repeatedly ask, “Where will I be tomorrow?”, in the hope that he could spend his last days in the home of Aisha Radhi Allahu Anha. (Bukhari)
Once the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam said to Aisha Radhi Allahu Anha: “O Aisha, Jibraeel sends salaams to you.” Aisha replied: “Upon him be salaams also together with the mercy and blessings of Allah.” (Bukhari)
The sublime character of Aisha Radhi Allahu Anha, her devotion to the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam, her virtue, intelligence, and eloquence were unparalleled in history. She was a perfect symbol of Islamic womanhood. She was only eighteen years of age when the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam passed away. However, she related 2210 ahaadith.
There has been no woman like her in the whole history of Islam who understood the teachings of Islam so well and convincingly explained juristic issues to others. It is said that about a quarter of all the laws of Shariah are narrated
from her. (Fathul Baari)
Even the most eminent and learned Sahabah of the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam consulted her on intricate legal issues.
Imam Zahabi, one of the most eminent scholars of the science of hadith, writes about Aisha Radhi Allahu Anha in his Tazkiratul Huffaaz: “Among the Sahabah of the Prophet who were knowledgeable in jurisprudence she was the most prominent for even the leading jurists referred intricate questions of law to her for advice. Abu Musa says that if any companion of the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam amongst us had any difficulty in finding out the real understanding of any Hadith, he used to ask Aisha Radhi Allahu Anha because she invariably knew about it.”
The Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam left this world while he was in the home of Hazrat Aisha Radhi Allahu Anha. Aisha mentions that the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam breathed his last while he lay between her chest and neck.
She was fortunate to have the saliva of the Prophet Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam mixed with her own a few moments before he left this world. Allah Ta’ala so willed that she had the honor of softening the miswaak which the Prophet
Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam used just prior to him breathing his last.
Love of the Holy Prophet Muhammed Sallalaahu Alaihi wassallam is the backbone of faith
Narrated Abu Huraira: “Allah’s Apostle said, “By Him in Whose Hands my life is, none of you will have faith till he loves me more than his father and his children.”
Sahih Bukhari Volume 1, Book 2, Number 13:
Narrated Anas: The Prophet said, “None of you will have faith till he loves me more than his father, his children, and all mankind.”
Sahih Bukhari Volume 1, Book 2, Number 14:
Narrated Anas: The Prophet said, “Whoever possesses the following three qualities will have the sweetness (delight) of faith:
1. The one to whom Allah and His Apostle become dearer than anything else.
2. Who loves a person and he loves him only for Allah’s sake.
3. Who hates to revert to Atheism (disbelief) as he hates to be thrown into the fire.”
Sahih Bukhari Volume 1, Book 2, Number 15:
Sahih Muslim Chapter 6: PERTAINING TO THE WORDS OF ALLAH: ALLAH WOULD NEVER PUNISH THEM SO LONG AS YOU ARE AMONGST THEM”
Sahih Muslim Book 39, Number 6717:
Anas b. Malik reported that Abu Jahl said: O Allah, if he is true, then shower upon us the volley of stones from the sky or inflict upon us a grievous torment, and it was on this occasion that this verse was revealed:”‘Allah would never torment them so long as you are amongst them. And Allah is not going to torment them as long as they seek forgiveness. And why is it that Allah should not torment them and they prevent people from coming to the sacred mosque….”(viii. 34) to the end.
Such a Wonderful Hadith, this Hadith reveals when these verses were revealed to the Holy Prophet Muhammed Salalaahu Alaihi wasallam , from these verses and the Hadith we came to know that in the period of the earlier prophets if the command was not followed Allah would Inflict severe punishment to the people, But when the Holy Prophet came down upon the earth the rules changed for all, Allah said that he would not torment people as long as the Holy Prophet is amongst them, this is still true even today, the verses are not limited to that period, he is still amongst us, though behind a pardah.
The verses also state that Allah can then torment them if they continue to be a hindrance to people, But of course Allah personally cursed abu lahab when he cursed the Holy Prophet Muhammed Salalaahu Alaihi wasallam , this was sent in an earlier Hadith
Sahih Bukhari Volume 3, Book 49, Number 866:
Narrated Anas: Ar-Rabi, the daughter of An-Nadr broke the tooth of a girl, and the relatives of Ar-Rabi’ requested the girl’s relatives to accept the Irsh (compensation for wounds etc.) and forgive (the offender), but they refused. So, they went to the Prophet who ordered them to bring about retaliation. Anas bin An-Nadr asked, “O Allah”; Apostle! Will the tooth of Ar-Rabi’ be broken? No, by Him Who has sent you with the Truth, her tooth will not be broken.” The Prophet said, “O Anas! Allah”; law ordains retaliation.” Later the relatives of the girl agreed and forgave her. The Prophet said, “There are some of Allah’s slaves who, if they take an oath by Allah, are responded to by Allah i.e. their oath is fulfilled). Anas added, “The people agreed and accepted the Irsh.”
Sahih Bukhari Volume 3, Book 49, Number 866:
Ar-Rabi, the daughter of An-Nadr who was a young girl had broken a tooth of another girl and the other girl’s relatives had asked for retaliation instead of compensation
Here a few points noting, The Holy Prophet Muhammed Salalaahu Alaihi wasallam took an OATH that the young girl’s tooth will not be broken
“No, by Him Who has sent you with the Truth, her tooth will not be broken”
and later than it so happened that the relatives of the other girl agreed to take money instead of retaliation after the Holy Prophet took the OATH by Allah, so the Holy Prophet Muhammed Salalaahu Alaihi wasallam’s OATH was fulfilled, and then he said
“There are some of Allah’s slaves who, if they take an oath by Allah, are responded to by Allah i.e. their oath is fulfilled)”
[Transmitted by Abu Dawud]
The Friday prayer in congregation is a necessary duty for every Muslim, with four exceptions; a slave, a woman, a (young) boy, and a sick person.
[Transmitted by Sahih Bukhari]
“When it is a Friday, the angels stand at the gate of the mosque and keep on writing the names of the persons coming to the mosque in succession according to their arrivals. The example of the one who enters the mosque in the earliest hour is that of one offering a camel (in sacrifice). The one coming next is like one offering a cow and then a ram and then a chicken and then an egg respectively. When the Imam comes out (for Jumua prayer) they (i.e. angels) fold their papers and listen to the Khutba.”
[Transmitted by Abu Dawud]
Friday is divided into twelve hours. Amongst them, there is an hour in which a Muslim does not ask Allah for anything but He gives it to him. So seek it in the last hour after the afternoon prayer.
[Transmitted by Abu Dawud]
He who leaves the Friday prayer (continuously) for three Friday on account of slackness, Allah will print a stamp on his heart.
[Transmitted by Sahih Muslim]
He who took a bath and then came for Jumu’ah prayer and then prayed what was fixed for him, then kept silence till the Imam finished the sermon, and then prayed along with him, his sins between that time and the next Friday would be forgiven, and even of three days more.
Volume 1, Book 11, Number 600 :
Narrated ‘Abdullah bin Mughaffal:
The prophet said, “There is a prayer between the two Adhans (Adhan and Iqama), there is a prayer between the two Adhans.” And then while saying it the third time he added, “For the one who wants to (pray).”
Volume 1, Book 11, Number 610 :
Narrated ‘Aun bin Abi Juhaifa:
My father said, “I saw Bilal turning his face from side to side while pronouncing the Adhan for the prayer
Volume 1, Book 11, Number 609 :
The Prophet said, “When you hear the Iqama, proceed to offer the prayer with calmness and solemnity and do not make haste. And pray whatever you are able to pray and complete whatever you have missed.
Volume 1, Book 11, Number 610 :
Narrated ‘Abdullah bin Abi Qatada:
My father said. “Allah’s Apostle said, ‘If the Iqama is pronounced then do not stand for the prayer till you see me (in front of you).’ ”
Volume 1, Book 11, Number 615 :
Once the Iqama was pronounced and the Prophet was talking to a man (in a low voice) in a corner of the mosque and he did not lead the prayer till (some of) the people had slept (dozed in a sitting posture).
Volume 1, Book 11, Number 618 :
Narrated ‘Abdullah bin Umar:
Allah’s Apostle said, “The prayer in congregation is twenty-seven times superior to the prayer offered by person alone.”
* Ja’far ibn Abi Taalib and Hamzah ibn ‘Abdul-Muttalib
Abu Hurayrah reported that the Messenger of Allah (saw) said “I saw Ja’far ibn Abi Taalib flying like an angel with his two wings in Paradise” [at-Tirmidhi, Abu Ya’laa, al-Haakim and others, saheeh]
Ibn ‘Abbaas narrated that the Prophet (saw) said: “I entered Paradise yesterday and l ooked at it and saw Ja’far flying with the angels, and I saw Hamzah reclining on a couch” [at-Tabaraani, Ibn ‘Adiyy, al-Haakim, Saheeh al-Jaami’, 3/140, no. 3358]
In a Saheeh hadith the Prophet (saw) said, “The leader of the martyrs is Hamzah ibn ‘Abdul-Muttaalib” [Saheeh al-Jaami’, 3/219, no. 3569]
* ‘Abdullaah ibn Salaam
From Mu’aadh that the Messenger of Allah (saw) said, “‘ Abdullaah ibn Salaam is the tenth of the first ten to enter Paradise” [Saheeh al-Jaami’ as-Sagheer, 4/25, no. 3870, Ahmad, at-Tabaraani, al-Haakim]
* Zayd ibn Harithah
ar-Rawayanee and ad-Diyaa reported from Buraydah that the Prophet (saw) said, “I entered Paradise and I was welcomed by a young girl. I asked, “Who do you belong to?” She said, “To Zayd ibn Harithah” [Saheeh al-Jaami as-Sagheer, 3/141, no. 3361]
* Zayd ibn ‘Amr ibn Nufayl
From ‘Aa’ishah (ra) that the Messenger of Allah (saw) said, “I entered Paradise and I saw that Zayd ibn ‘Amr ibn Nufayl had two levels.” [Saheeh al-Jaami as-Sagheer, 3/141, no. 3362. Ibn ‘Asaakir]
This Zayd used to preach Tawheed at the time of Jaahileeyyah; he was a Haneef, a follower of the way of Ibraaheem.
* Harithah ibn al-Nu’maan
at-Tirmidhi and al-Haakim narrated from ‘Aa’ishah that the Messenger of Allah (saw) said, “I entered Paradise and I heard someone reciting. I asked, “Who is that?” They said, “Harithah ibn al-Nu’maan; this is the righteous man” [Saheeh al-Jaami as-Sagheer, 3/142, no. 3366]
* Bilaal ibn Abi Rabah
at-Tabaraani and Ibn ‘Adiyya report with a Saheeh isnaad from Abu Umamah that the Prophet (saw) said, “I entered Paradise, and heard footsteps ahead of me. I asked, “What is this sound?” I was told, “This is Bilaal, walking in front of you”” [Saheeh al-Jaami’ as-Sagheer, 3/142, no. 3364]
Ahmad reported with a Saheeh isnaad from Ibn ‘Abbaas that the Prophet (saw) said, “I entered Paradise on the night of Israa’ and I heard an indistinct sound from the side. I asked, “What is this, O Jibreel?” He said, “Bilaal, the muadhin” [Saheeh al-jaami’ as-Sagheer, 3/142, no. 3367]
Muslim, Abu Dawood, at-Tirmidhi and Ahmad reported from Jaabir ibn Samurah that the Messenger (saw) said, “How many bunches of dates are hanging for Abud-Dahdah is Paradise!”
This is the one who gave his garden called Bayrahaa, the best garden in Madinah, in charity when he heard that Allah (swt) had revealed,
“Who is he that will lend to Allah a goodly loan so that He may multiply it to him many times?” [2:245]
* Waraqah ibn Nawfal
al-Haakim reported with a Saheeh isnaad from ‘Aa’ishah that the Messenger (saw) said, “Do not slander Waraqah ibn Nawfal for I have seen that he will have one or two gardens in Paradise” [Saheeh al-Jaami as-Sagheer, 6/1534, no. 7197]
Waraqah believed in the Prophet (saw) when Khadeejah brought him to him at the beginning of his Call; he had asked Allah to let him live until he saw His Messenger so that he could support him.
In our time there are some sincere people who quote ahadith attributed to the Prophet sallallahu alaihi wasallam without declaring whether its Sahih, Hasan, Daeef (weak) or Maudu (fabricated), they are being too lazy to refer to the books of the experts in that field to determine the authenticity. It is not permissible to quote a hadith until its authenticity is made clear.
The Prophet sallallahu alaihi wasallam said : “It is enough lying for a person that he narrates everything which he hears” [Reported by Muslim in the introduction of his ‘saheeh’ and Sahih Al Jami 4482, in another narration the words are “It is enough sin” Silsilah Sahiha 2025].
Al-‘Allaamah Zakariya al-Ansaari said: “The one who wants to quote as evidence a hadeeth from the Sunans or Musnads, if he is qualified to distinguish between what may be quoted as evidence and what may not, then he should not quote it as evidence unless he examines its isnaad and its narrators. Otherwise if he can find one of the imams who classed it as saheeh or hasan, he may follow him, otherwise he should not quote it as evidence”. End quote. Fath al-Baaqi Sharh Alfiyyat al-‘Iraaqi.
Ibn Hibban said about the above hadith that, “And this narration contains a strong warning against a person’s narrating everything which he hears until he knows for certain that it is authentic.” Quoted by Albani in Tamam Al Mina 1/31
An-Nawawee said, “The one who does not know whether Ahaadeeth is weak or not then it is not permissible for him to use it as a proof without researching and checking it if he knows how – or by asking the people of knowledge if he does not know”. Quoted by Albani in Tamam Al Mina 1/31
Imam Malik said, “A man will not be safe if he narrates everything which he hears and will never be an Imam if he quotes everything which he hears” Introduction of Sahih Muslim (1/10).
Abdur Rahman ibn Mahdee said, “A man will never become an Imaam who is taken as an example until he withholds a part of what he heard.” [i.e. That which is not known to be authentic – since concealing authentic knowledge is forbidden]. Introduction of Sahih Muslim (1/10)
Shaikh Albani said about a person who quoted a hadith but does not know that its sahih or weak that,”He is also sinful due to his taking it upon himself to attribute it to the Prophet PBUH without knowledge”. Tamam Al Minah (1/30-31)
Imaam Muslim said, “It Is Sinful To Report Something From A Weak Narrator Without Making Its Weakness Clear: He says in the introduction of his ‘saheeh’: “But they made it incumbent upon themselves to reveal the weaknesses of hadeeth narrators and they fatwaa according to that – because of the great danger involved in it, since the narrations about matters of Deen convey allowance (Tahleel) and Prohibition (Tahreem), or orders and forbiddances, or encouragement and warning (targheeb wa tarheeb), so if the narrator is not truthful and trustworthy – then someone who narrates from him, knowing that, and does not make his weakness clear to others who do not know him, then he is sinful through that action, deceiving the common Muslims – since he cannot be sure that some of those who hear those narration’s will not use some or all of them, and perhaps they – or most of them – are lies which have no basis. And the authentic narrations form reliable narrators and people of precision are so plentiful that there is no need of the narration of someone who is not reliable”Introduction Sahih Muslim
And Allah Knows Best !
by Brother Syed Mohammad Asif