It should be remembered that it is compulsory to write or recite Durood when writing the name of Rasulullaah صلى الله عليه وسلم,
or when saying his name. This is greatly emphasized in the Hadith and there are grave warnings for the person who goes against this teaching. Also, it is necessary to write the entire Durood after the name of Rasulullaah صلى الله عليه وسلم. The command of Durood will not be fulfilled by writing (saw) or any other shortened form, nor will a person get reward.
يَا رَبِّ صَلِّ وَ سَلَّمِ دَائِمًا اَبَدًا عَلٰى حَبِيْبِكَ خَيْرِ الْخَلْقِ كُلِّهِمْ
1. When passing by a Masjid.
2. When seeing a Masjid.
3. After completing Azaan.
4. On the night of Jumu’ah.
5. On the day of Jumu’ah.
6. On the day of Jumu’ah after Asr.
7. On Monday.
8. In the khutbah of Jumu’a and Eid.
9. During the Takbeeraat of Eid.
10. After the second Takbeer of Janazah Salaah.
11. When placing the deceased into the grave.
12. In the Salaah of Istisqaa-for rain.
13. In the khutbah of Kusoof and Khusoof.
14. When seeing the ka’bah.
15. During Hajj.
16. On Safa and Marwa.
17. When making istilaam of the Hijr e Aswad.
18. At the Multazam.
19. After Zuhr on the day of ‘arafah.
20. In Masjid e Khayf.
21. After completing Talbiyah.
22. When seeing Madinah Munawwarah.
23. When visiting the blessed grave.
24. When completing and leaving the visiting of the blessed grave.
25. When witnessing the signs of Madinah Munawwarah.
26. At Badr.
27. At Uhud etc.
28. In all conditions and at every time.
29. In order to be free from something grave.
30. When meeting relatives and those beloved to one.
31. When going to a gathering.
32. When leaving and separating from a gathering.
33. When completing the Qur’an (at the time of Du’aa).
34. In the Du’aa for memorizing the Qur’an.
35. When getting up from a gathering.
36. Every time when Allah is remembered.
37. When beginning every speech.
38. When mentioning and remembering Rasulullaah e.
39. At the time when spreading and teaching knowledge.
40. When delivering a lecture.
41. When reciting Ahadith.
42. When writing a fatwa.
43. When writing the name of Rasulullaah صلى الله عليه وسلم
The Prophet (saas) Said:
“… Then when he enters the Masjid, he is in (the state of) prayer as long as it is the only thing keeping him from leaving (i.e., the only reason why he is staying in the Masjid is to wait for the next prayer). And the Angels send prayers upon one of you as long as he is in the seat (spot) that he prayed in; they say, ‘O Allah, have mercy on him; O Allah, forgive him; Allah, accept his repentance,’ as long as he does not harm anyone (with speech or deed) while he is in it , and as long as he does not nullify his state of purity (i.e., by passing wind, etc..)..”” 1
From Allah’s vast mercy to His slaves, He (swt) gives them a reward similar to the person who is praying, just for sitting in the Masjid and waiting for the next congregational prayer; furthermore, He (swt) makes His angels supplicate for them.
We must keep in mind that, as the Hadith informs us, certain conditions must be fulfilled if you are to achieve the aforesaid reward and honor. First, nothing other than the prayer should be preventing you from going back to your home or work or elsewhere. Second, for the angels to supplicate for you, you must remain seated in the spot you prayed in. However, another view is that their supplication encompasses both those who wait for the prayer anywhere in the Masjid and those who remain seated in the spot they prayed in. The Phrasing of the Hadith points to the first view being correct. If you harm Muslim worshipers with speech or deed, or if you do something to nullify your state of purity (i.e., pass wind,etc.), you will not gain the reward of a person who waits for prayer, and the angels will not make the aforementioned supplication for you.
Related Issue: Many people fail to take advantage of a blessed time – the time between the Adhaan (the call to prayer) and the Iqaamah. You will find some people who spend that time looking around at worshipers who are praying or reciting the Qur’an; others who stare idly at the carvings in the Masjid; and yet others who daydream. They would all do much better were they to use that time by reciting the Qur’an, remembering Allah (swt), and supplication to Allah (swt) especially considering the fact that it is a time wherein one is likely to have his supplications answered.
1) Related by Bukhaaree (176), Muslim (649), Ahmad (7382), An-Nassaaee (733), Abu Daawood (559), and Maalik (382). And the wording mentioned above is from Muslim’s narration of the Hadith
“O Believers, when the call is proclaimed for the prayer on Friday, come to the remembrance of Allah and leave off business, that is better for you if you but did know.” (Qur’an, 62:9)
Purifying and cleaning
The person intending to perform the Friday prayer is greatly encouraged to perform Ghusl (full bath or shower). The majority of the scholars are of the opinion that the Ghusl for the Friday prayer is recommended (Sunnah) and not obligatory. It can be performed starting from the time of Fajr Prayer. Also, if a person performs Ghusl and then later invalidates his Wudhu (ablution), he need not repeat the Ghusl. Doing Wudhu is sufficient. Furthermore, one Ghusl is enough for both Janabah (sexual impurity) and the Friday prayer.
Going early to the Masjid
There is a great reward in going early to the Friday prayer, beginning after sunrise. By leaving early, one gets the reward of waiting for the Prayer, making Dhikr (remembering Allah) and offering voluntary prayers during that time. Abu Umamah narrated that the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) said, “The angels sit at the doors to the Masjids and with them are scrolls in which they record the people (who come). When the Imam appears, the scrolls are rolled up.” Abu Umamah was asked, “Does the one who comes after the Imam still have a Friday Prayer?” he said, “Certainly, but he is not one of those who is recorded (as coming early).” (Ahmad and Al-Tabarani)
This is a special time that requires Muslims to appear in the best manner possible. One should therefore put on his best attire for the Friday prayer.
The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, “If one has the means, he should buy two pieces of clothing, other than his work clothes or (everyday clothing), to wear on Friday.” (Abu Dawood)
If a person comes late to the Friday Prayer while the Imam is delivering the Khutbah, should he pray the two Rak’ah of Tahiyyat Al-Masjid (prayer of greeting the mosque) and then sit or should he simply skip them? The strongest opinion is to perform the Tahiyyat Al-Masjid based on the Hadith of the Prophet (peace be upon him): “If one of you comes to the Masjid, he should pray two Rak’ah before he sits.” (Al-Bukhari and Muslim) However, Tahiyyat Al-Masjid is not required of the person giving the Khutbah. Also, this requirement is limited only to prayers offered in a Masjid.
1. Walking to the Masjid whenever feasible as there is a reward for every step taken to the Masjid.
2. Avoiding stepping over people to get to a particular spot in the Masjid.
3. Avoiding dividing two people who are sitting together.
4. Not making someone stand and taking his place.
5. Not clasping one’s hands and intertwining one’s fingers while waiting for the prayer.
6. Sitting in the front row and close to the Imam whenever possible.
7. Remaining quiet while the Imam is delivering the Khutbah. This actually includes listening to the Imam and not engaging with anything else while the Imam is speaking.
8. Going to the Masjid in a state of calmness and not being in a hurry.
9. Reciting Surah Al-Kahf, as an authentic Hadith states: “For whoever recites Surah Al-Kahf on Friday, it will be a light for him from that Friday to the next.” (Al-Bayhaqi and Al-Hakim) The Surah could be read any time of the day.
Indeed, the Friday prayer is one of the most important acts of worship in Islam. The Prophet (peace be upon him) has described the wonderful blessings and benefits that Allah has vouchsafed for Muslims through this meritorious act.
Knowing how important this prayer is in Allah’s sight, Muslims must do their best to perform it in the best way possible. They should strive and sacrifice for the sake of this Prayer.
– AlJumuah magazine
AL-AQSA is the first Qiblah (direction of prayer) of Muslims, and the land of Al-Israa’ and Al-Mi’raj. Our hearts bleed for all the sacrilegious acts been perpetrated against Al-Aqsa. The status of Al-Aqsa is clearly explained in the Hadith that reads: “People are not to travel except to three mosques: The Sacred Mosque (in Makkah), Al-Aqsa Mosque (in Jerusalem), and my Mosque (in Madinah).” (Reported by Muslim)
The city of Jerusalem was chosen at the command of Allah by Prophet Dawud (David, peace be upon him), in the 10th century B.C. After him his son Prophet Sulayman (Solomon, peace be upon him) built a mosque in Jerusalem according to the revelation that he received from Allah. For several centuries this mosque was used for the worship of Allah by many Prophets and Messengers. It was destroyed by the Babylonians in the year 586 B.C., but it was soon rebuilt and was rededicated to the worship of Allah in 516 B.C.
It continued afterwards for several centuries until the time of Prophet Isa (Jesus, peace be upon him). After he departed this world, it was destroyed by the Romans in the year 70 C.E. Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) was taken there in his miraculous journey of Al-Israa’ and from there he went for Al-Mi’raj. When Muslims took the city of Jerusalem in 636 C.E. during the caliphate of Umar he ordered for the building of this mosque again and it stands until now as a Masjid for the worship of Allah as it was originally built by our Prophet Sulayman (peace be upon him).
The significance of Jerusalem is that it is the city of many Prophets of Allah as Makkah is the city of Prophets Ibrahim (Abraham), Isma’il (Ishmael) and Muhammad (peace be upon all of them). The Mosque of Al-Aqsa is one of the ancient mosques and in the Qur’an Allah called it and its land “… the neighborhood whereof We have blessed…” (17: 1)
When Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) was in Makkah and also for about 17 months after his Hijrah to Madinah, he and his followers used to pray toward the direction of Al-Aqsa Mosque. This was to establish in the minds of Muslims the link between the teachings of Prophet Muhammad and other Prophets of Allah (peace be upon them all). When this principle was established in their minds then Allah ordered Muslims to turn to the Ka’bah and pray toward its direction.
Now, we are not allowed to pray to the direction of Jerusalem and Al-Aqsa Mosque, but we must respect and honor the city of Jerusalem and its blessed mosque. It is also the duty of all Muslims to guard and protect this mosque from any harm and damage, for the mosque belongs to those who believe in all the Prophets and Messengers of Allah.
1. Repeat what the mu’adhin (person who calls prayers) says.
2. Make dua between adhan and Iqamah.
3. Make fresh wudu for Salah.
4. Use msiwak before Salah.
5. Dress in fine clothes for Salah.
6. Move through Salah with tranquility.
7. Pray as if you will die after this Salah.
8. Think about the verses and dhikr you are reciting in Salah.
9. Repeat verses for added contemplation.
10. Memorize and use new passages of Quran.
11. Pause at the end of each ayah.
12. Recite in a beautiful voice.
13. Maintain eyesight on your prostration location.
14. Recite dhikr after prayer, patiently.
15. Don’t look around in prayer.
16. Suppress your yawning during prayer.
17. Don’t stick to the same prayer place in the Masjid.
18. Arrive early for Salah.