The Qur’an is that miraculous book of Allah that brought humanity from the days of ignorance to the age of rationalism. It is that unique and phenomenal book in the history of mankind that opened doors to every science. Allah said, “We shall show them Our signs in the Universe and in their own selves until it becomes manifest to them this the Qur’an is Truth.” (Qur’an, 41:53)
There have been many contentions and theories on scientific subjects by various people around the world, the Qur’an, however, has definite answers to all. It has been readily proven time and again; that many doctors and scientists have accepted that the Qur’an holds answers to all those questions which have been answered by them, recently, with the help of modern technology. As Allah said, “He has taught man which he knew not.” (Qur’an, 96:5)
Some accepted facts about the sun, the moon, and the stars are as follows:
Allah said, “And He has made the sun and the moon, both constantly pursuing their courses.” (Qur’an, 14:33)
When the sun is wound round and its light is lost. And when the stars fall. (Qur’an, 81:1-2)
Then when the stars lose their lights. (Qur’an, 77:8)
Qur’an has mentioned the two theories of science. First, about the movement of the stars, and the second about the end of solar energy. Under the Ptolemaic system, it was said that sunrises and pierces through the sky and the earth is stable. But, this notion was dropped in the 16th century and the theory of Prussian astronomer Copernicus was accepted, who said that the earth revolves around the sun.
It was only after Galileo, an Italian mathematician, that the true nature of the solar phenomenon was recognized. He invented a telescope and observed the rotation of the sun. Thus, what the Qur’an mentioned in the early 17th century was accepted by people in the seventeenth century. “And the sun runs on its fixed course for a term (appointed). That is the Decree of the All-Mighty, the All-Knowing.” (Qur’an, 36:38)
“And by the planets that move swiftly and hide themselves.” (Qur’an, 81: 16)
Scientists also say that the total life of the sun is 10 to the power 10 years, and it will eventually change into black dwarf stars. The Qur’an also confirms the fact that the sun’s light would disappear. They also admit that the death of the sun would be the end of this world — the Day of Judgment will come.
– by Ahmad Wahaj Siddiqui