Ramadan is derived from ramdaa which means ” sun-baked,” perhaps a reference to the pangs of fasting. Almighty Allah says in the Quran “O believers! fasting is prescribed for you as it was prescribed for the people before you so that you may become pious.” {Qur’an chapter 2: verse 183}

Fasting is one of the pillars of Islam. It has been an integral part of all major religions. Its mentioned in (Matthew 4:2) that the prophet Jesus (peace be upon him) fasted for forty days before he was called to prophethood and its mentioned in (exodus 24:18) that prophet Moses (peace be upon him) fasted for forty days and nights before he was given the law.

Fasting in Ramadan is a part of the broader program that Islam prescribes for man to fulfill his moral and spiritual destiny in this world and in the hereafter.

It is the special worship designed to develop in man the ability to exercise self-restraint and patience for the pleasure of Allah, man’s creator, lord, and nourisher.

Its objective is to give man the power to keep in check his unruly desires and tendencies that make him prone to greed, revenge, anger, provocation, and fear; that makes him commit various sins, acts of aggression, cruelty, and oppression.

It seeks to free the human soul and lends it the moral and spiritual strength to promote beauty, harmony, kindness, peace, compassion, and justice. the Quran says: ” we sent our messengers with clear signs and sent down with them the Book and the balance (of right and wrong ), that men may stand forth in justice.” (chapter 57:verse 25)