Many of God’s Prophets in the past had performed miracles either to prove that they were sent by God or to help people to achieve certain goals. However, as these miracles were for certain people of the time of the respective Prophets, they are neither tangible nor available today as living proof. But the Quran is. It is a miracle by itself. When people asked Prophet Muhammad what miracle he had performed, the Prophet pointed to the Quran.
Muslims regard the Quran as a living miracle because, among other reasons, it:
- Is a Book par excellence in the provision of complete guidance for this life and the Hereafter,
- Is available in the language (Arabic) as revealed to the Prophet,
- Is inimitable in diction, sound, and rendering,
- Is accurate in its presentation of facts,
- Has remained pure (without interpolation),
- Has no contradiction or inconsistencies,
- Has influenced the lives of people, and
- Is responsible for the speedy spread of Islam, even now.
With regard to the Quran being a miracle from the point of view of its influence on people, Maulana Muhammad Ali in his book, “The Religion of Islam”, says: “The Quran is a miracle because it brought about the greatest transformation that the world has ever witnessed – a transformation of the individual, of the family, of the society, of the nation, of the country, an awakening material as well as moral, intellectual and spiritual. It produced an effect, a hundred thousand times greater than that of any other miracle recorded of any Prophet; hence, its claim to be the greatest of all miracles is incontestable and uncontested.”
Researches on the Quran have been made throughout these 14 centuries. More particularly, in recent years, in the wake of religious inquiries, Quranic scholars, scientists, and mathematicians have each, in their own way and knowledge, discovered that the factual contents of the Quran as well as the arrangement of its Words and text point to the fact that the Quran is indeed the living miracle of Islam.
What makes Muslims believe that the Quran is not written by Prophet Muhammad? Does the Quran claim that it is from God? Could the Prophet have copied some portions of the Bible? Are there scientific facts in the Quran?
Muslims believe that Prophet Muhammad is not the author of the Quran. God is its Author. The following points bear the fact:
*First of all, the Quran itself, in a number of places and in different ways, says that it is from God. One of the claims runs thus: “This is indeed a Quran most honorable, a Book well-guarded…a Revelation from the Lord of the Worlds.” (Quran 56:77-80)
(Here, one ought to know the features of the Quran to understand the claim better. For instance, if the Quran consisted of a number of books, and each book was made up of a number of chapters, then each of the books had to claim that it was from God in order to render the WHOLE volume as coming from God. But, this is fortunately not so with the Quran. The Quran is just ONE Book made up of 114 chapters. So, if the Quran claims, in any of its chapters, that the Book is from God, then the WHOLE Quran is from God. Yet, the Quran does not make the divine claim only once, but several times in different phrases and in different chapters.)
*If the Prophet had written the Quran – a Book par excellence – surely he would have claimed credit for it, but he did not. He could not claim what was not his. Indeed God says: “This Quran is not such as can be produced by anyone other than God.” (10:37)
*The Prophet was unlettered. However, even if he was educated and had written the Quran, how could he be bold enough to make this statement: “Do they not consider (ponder over) the Quran (with care)? Had it been from other than God, they would surely have found therein discrepancies”. (4:82)
Abdullah Yusuf Ali, commenting on this verse (verse 4:82) in his English translation of the Quran, says: “From a mere human point of view, we should have expected many discrepancies, because (1) Prophet Muhammad who promulgated it was not a learned man or philosopher, (2) it was promulgated at various times and in various circumstances, and (3) it is addressed to all grades of mankind. Yet, when properly understood, its various pieces fit together better than a jigsaw puzzle even when arranged without any regard for chronological order. There was just the One Inspirer and one inspired.”
*The Quran took 23 years to complete. Had the verses of the Quran been written by the Prophet, he would have needed a number of drafts and the work would have needed editing, updating, etc. But this did not happen, yet the information is consistent throughout the Quran. The verses were taken down as dictated by the Prophet only once and no redrafting, editing, or updating took place after that.
*At a number of stages during the 23-year period, challenges to reproduce, even a chapter of the Quran was made. If the Prophet had written the Quran, he would not have made the challenges, for fear that the learned
Arabs and eminent poets of his time would have taken up his challenges and shamed him. One of the challenges goes thus: “And if you are in doubt as to what We have revealed (from time to time) to Our servant (Muhammad), then produce a chapter like thereunto…” (2:23)
*The Quran says that the Prophet was not learned.
So, if the Prophet was educated in some institution but mentioned in the Quran that he wasn’t, he would have been accused of being a liar and his mission would have fallen through.
*Even if the Prophet was learned, how could he have written such an inimitable Book of Information and Wisdom without resorting to consultation with prominent scholars and the best books from the best libraries in the world?! If he did this, it would surely have been known, since every move he made was known to people. The Prophet was a historical figure, not a mythological figure.
*The Prophet was the busiest and most active person in history. So, how could he have found the time to write (even if he were educated) such a comprehensive and extensive Book of Guidance which would have needed years of seclusion and concentration to complete?
*In the Quran, in Chapter 111, it is mentioned that Abu Lahab, one of the Prophet’s uncles who was always against Islam, would never accept Islam. This Revelation came some ten years before the death of Abu Lahab. How could the Prophet have dared to write this chapter because all he (Abu Lahab) needed to do to prove that the Quran was not the Words of God, was to accept Islam dishonestly?
*The Prophet was mentioned by name in the Quran only five times whereas Jesus Christ’s name was (honorably) mentioned 25 times. Could the Prophet go to such an extent of honoring someone more than himself if he had written the Quran?
*There is a chapter in the Quran entitled and dedicated to “Mary”, the mother of Jesus Christ, while there is no chapter called, or dedicated to, the Prophet’s own mother, Aminah, or daughter, Fatimah, nor were their names mentioned in the Quran. Could this have happened if the Prophet was the author of the Quran?
*Mary, the mother of Jesus Christ, is glorified in the Quran as a “woman of all nations”. Why would the Prophet glorify a woman he had never seen and one from another race, saying that she was chosen (by God) above all women unless the formulation of the verses had nothing to do with the Prophet’s own authorship but that he only repeated what was inspired to him by God?
*In the Quran, God is called “Allah” (in Arabic). He is also referred to by His Attributes, like the Cherisher, the Merciful, the Almighty. There are 99 such Attributes but none of these is “Abba” (Father) by which the Arab Christians of the Prophet’s time (and even today) refer to God. If the Prophet was the writer of the Quran, he would surely have used “Abba” as one of the names for God because of its familiarity and also because it was easier to say “Abba” than many of the Attributes.
*Although the Quran’s objective is basically religious, it does touch on certain principles and laws governing the universe. A French scientist, Maurice Bucaille, in his book, “The Bible, the Quran and Science”, says: “What initially strikes the reader confronted for the first time with a text of this kind (the Quran) is the sheer abundance of subjects discussed: the Creation, astronomy, the explanation of certain matters concerning the earth, and the animal and vegetable kingdoms, human reproduction …I could not find a single error in the Quran. I had to stop and ask myself: if a man was the author of the Quran, how could he have written facts in the 7th Century AD that today are shown to be in keeping with modern scientific knowledge?”
*The Quran mentions a number of scientific facts which were unknown to the world then. Some of them are:
-The moon has no light of its own and that what we see is the reflected light of the sun. (91:1-2),
-Every living thing began in water. (continuation of 21:30),
-Stages of reproduction of life in the womb. (22:5),
-Every living thing, including vegetable matter, is created in pairs (male and female). (36:36),
-All celestial body (namely, the moon and planets) have their own course of orbit. (7:54 and 21:33),
-Space travel is possible. (55:33), and
-There is also life (in whatever form) in other parts of the universe. (42:29).
-All these scientific facts were discovered only in the last couple of centuries whereas the Quran mentioned them 14 centuries ago. How could the Prophet, even if he were educated, have known these facts centuries ahead of recent times?
*Learned Arabs and other experts in the Arabic language acknowledge that the style, diction, and rendering in the Quran far excel those in the Hadith. Those in the Quran are inimitable, proving that the Quran is authored by God.
*Umar, later to become Caliph, had wanted to kill the Prophet because of his (Islamic) teachings. One day, Umar heard his sister reading something – the sound, diction, and meaning of which made him halt to listen. His sister, who had secretly converted to Islam, was reading (part of) the Quran. Umar realized that the Words he was listening to could not be the words of man. He submitted to Islam soon after.
*The Quran says: “If the whole of mankind and jinns (spirits) were to come together to produce the like of this Quran, they could not produce the like thereof even if backed up by each other with help and support.” (17:88) This is a bold statement indeed. If the Prophet had written the Quran, would he as a human being, dare make such an explosive statement? Would this statement go unchallenged by the learned Arabs of his time?
Prophet Muhammad, being an unlettered person, could not have written the Quran, a book full of wisdom and one dealing with varied subject matters. The Quran categorically states: “This Quran is not such as can be produced by anyone other than God. (It is a Book) from the Lord of the Worlds.” (10:37)
In Islam, a husband is required to treat his wife with affection, respect her feelings, and show her kindness and consideration. The husband should not show the wife any aversion or subject her to suspense or uncertainty. These guiding principles are established from the quran and sunnah and when implemented, bring about a great deal of peace and harmony in marriage.
Wife As A Source Of Peace
Allah says in the noble Quran: “and among his signs is that He created for you wives from among yourselves, that you may find contentment in them, and he has instilled between you affection and mercy. verily, in that are indeed signs for people who reflect”. (Quran 30:21)
For a wife to become a source of peace and contentment she has to be in a peaceful relationship. Therefore the treatment of the husband to the wife is of great significance in realizing this purpose. A husband’s treatment of his wife should reflect a Muslim’s good character, which in turn is a reflection of the man’s faith.
In this regard, the Prophet (S.A.W) said “The best among you are those who are best to their family and I am the best to my family.” (Tirmizi, ibn Majah)
Kind treatment generates true and deep-seated love for the husband in the wife’s heart. The wife in turn becomes eager and enthusiastic to serve her husband and accords him the honor and respect he deserves.
For a Muslim, a good wife is the best treasure a man can possess, after believing in Allah and following His commands, she is considered the key to happiness.
According to a Hadith, the Prophet (S.A.W) said to `Umar (R.A) “Shall I tell you the best a man can treasure? It is a good wife. If he looks at her, she gives him pleasure; if he orders her, she obeys; and if he is away from her, she remains faithful to Him”. (Abu Dawood)
The Prophet (SAW) also said, “Whoever is granted a good wife, he is helped to practice half his faith, let him obey Allah in the second half”. (Mishkaat)
The potential to become a source of true pleasure is vested in every wife. It is the responsibility of the husband to unlock this potential and utilize it for the benefit of his own life and that of his family. Like any treasure or wealth that one possesses it must be looked after, kept safely, and constantly nurtured for it to maintain its value.
This principle shall to a greater extent apply to the wife who is regarded as the treasure of all treasures. Any form of misuse, abuse, and maltreatment of this treasure will lead to diminishing the good that this treasure delivers and shall become a source of sin and accountability to Allah Ta’ala.
Kindness and More Kindness
Allah says “And live with them (your wives) in kindness…” (Quran 4:19)
A Muslim wife occupies a special position in society, and Islam considers her fulfillment of matrimonial duties as a form of jihad (striving for the sake of Allah). Without physically engaging in the battlefield, a wife is given the opportunity to earn the reward of striving for the cause of Allah.
By living with her in kindness, fulfilling her needs, and giving her support, the husband becomes instrumental in her achieving this noble reward. The husband by virtue of his kindness earns the happiness of his family and in turn draws closer to Allah Ta’ala. By adopting the correct approach surely the husband can earn the status of being the best among people for his kindness towards his wife.
The Prophet (SAW) said, “Verily Allah is Most Kind, and He loves kindness in all affairs”. (Bukhari & Muslim)
The Prophet (SAW) also said, “Kindness is not found in anything, but it adds beauty to it and if it is withdrawn (from it) it defects it”. (Muslim)
Garments Unto Each Other
Allah says: “They are garments for you and you are garments unto them” (Quran 2:187)
The husband and wife are likened to garments unto each other. They guard each other’s respect, honor, and dignity. They do not divulge their shortcomings and imperfections to others. The husband should be cautious and particular in this regard and not do or say things that would hurt the wife’s feelings. There is much reward in the concealment of a person’s shortcomings, more so with regards to the wife.
Overall Good Treatment
Our Creator knows well that human beings have certain weaknesses and deficiencies and are prone to error. Therefore Allah implores the husband by saying, “…communicate with them (wives) in kindness, for if you dislike them (for some deficiency) then perhaps you may dislike (a trait) wherein Allah has placed in it much good.” (Quran 4:19)
It is the collective right of the wife to be treated well in all aspects of daily life. The husband should interact with her in a well-mannered way with a flexible attitude, sweet words, and a smiling face. The Seerah (life) of the Prophet (S.A.W) is filled with his noble character of gentleness towards his people, his excellent conduct towards his wives, to the extent that he used to help them with their household chores and engaged in lighthearted activities. The true strength of a man is not measured by his physical firmness; rather he is gauged by his strength to show character in adverse situations.
May Allah ta’ala grant every husband the ability to treat his wife with kindness and compassion.
Aameen Rabbul Alameen
In the first place, we would like to stress that there is no specific injunction that requires a person to change his name after accepting Islam. The vast majority of the Prophet’s companions (may Allah be pleased with them all) did not change their names after accepting Islam. However, it is recommended if a name contradicts Islamic principles or values it should be changed to a better-meaning name. For example, the Prophet (peace be upon him) advised one of the companions, whose name was “Harb” which means “war” in English, to change his name to a better-meaning name.
It is not absolutely necessary for you to change your name if you are converting to Islam as long as your name does not have any taint of shirk, or as long as it does not suggest ideas that are repugnant to Islam.
If your name, however, contains or implies shirk (associating partners with Allah) as is the case with names such as servant of Muhammad, servant of Jesus, servant of Abraham, servant of Ka`bah, and so on, you must change them.
Abu Bakr, the first caliph of Islam, and the Prophet’s closest companion, before his conversion to Islam, was called `Abd al-Ka`bah (servant of the Ka`bah) and the Prophet (peace be upon him) changed his name to `Abdullah (servant of Allah).
Likewise, if your name contains ideas that are repugnant to Islam, then again, you ought to change it; hence the Prophet (peace be upon him) changed or objected to names suggesting unsavory ideas such as Flame of Fire, War, Bitter, Hard to deal with, King of kings, and so on. He also discouraged names implying: prosperity, success, profit-making, and so on; forbearers of these names may likely be taunted for not living up to their names. The Prophet (peace be upon him) loved names such as peaceful, lenient, gracious, noble, bearer of good news, fair, pure, and so on.
While prohibiting or discouraging people from naming with the above names, the Prophet (peace be upon him) encouraged them to use names that have good meanings or are inspirational; thus he loved names that are indicative of servitude to Allah (as is the case with names like `Abdullah (servant of Allah) or `Abd al-Rahman (servant of the Beneficent); he also loved naming children after the true role models of humanity such as prophets and righteous people. So he called his son Ibrahim.
Once the above considerations are taken into account, there is nothing wrong in keeping the previous name, as one is not obligated to change his/her name in order to become a Muslim.
In conclusion, in the Western context, names such as Devil’s angel, Wolf, and so on, are considered un-Islamic.
Umm Kulthum Bint `Uqbah (May Allah be pleased with her) Reported: Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, ” The person who (lies) in order to conciliate between people is not a liar when he conveys good or says (something) good “.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].
The narration in Muslim added: She said, ” I never heard him (she meant the Prophet (PBUH)) giving permission of lying in anything except in three (things) :
war, conciliating between people and the conversation of man with his wife and the conversation of a woman with her husband “.
Commentary: This Hadith tells us a very important principle, that is, in spite of its being unlawful, one is permitted to tell a lie if one has to do it to reform one’s society or family or in the interest of Muslims in general. If two Muslim brothers are estranged and someone communicates to them such things which are likely to remove conflict and rancor between them, promote mutual love and bring them nearer to each other, such action, even if it has a lie, is not called a lie in Islam.
1. In order to keep the enemy unaware of the true position, it is permissible to make false propaganda as it is an indispensable device for winning the war.
2. In order to maintain a pleasant atmosphere in family life, and for this purpose telling a lie becomes inevitable. Shari`ah has permitted lying on such occasions.