The Islamic prayer ( salat ) is a special way of worshipping Allah and offering devotion to Him which has been taught by Allah, the Almighty, and by the Holy Prophet (Peace be on him). There are seven pre-requisites of Prayers. Without all these, Prayer is not valid. These are the essentials of Prayers’, and hence obligatory (Fard).

Seven pre-requisites of Prayer:

  1. Cleanliness of the body.
  2. Cleanliness of the clothes.
  3. Cleanliness of the place (where Prayer is being offered).
  4. Hiding (covering) parts of the body ordained to be covered (i.e. the Satr).
  5. Time is proper for the Prayer.
  6. Facing the Qiblah.
  7. Saying the ‘intention’ (Niyyah).

The body’s cleanliness means that it should be free from all impurities (Najaasat).which are of two types:

1. Visible impurities (Haqeeqi), such as urine; feces; blood, or wine.
2. Invisible impurities (Hukmi). which are two types.
a. Lesser type or minor uncleanliness is known as ‘Hadath Asghar in such case Ablution (wudu) is required.
b. Major uncleanliness’, known as ‘Hadath Akbar and Janabat’. in most cases can only be removed from the body by taking a bath (Ghusl)

Before doing ablution one must be sure that he or she is correct, In what circumstances does the bath become obligatory? and the proper method to perform the bath. bath (ghusl) It is also a practice of Muslims to clean their private parts after the call of nature

The ablution is necessary for obligatory, sunnah, and optional prayers; reciting and touching the Holy Qur’an; Sajdah-e-Talawat, offering funeral prayers; or many other kinds of worship.

Authority of ablution in Holy Quran sura-. Maida (5:6) Allah says:
O you who believe! When you rise up for prayer, wash your face, and your hands up to the elbows, lightly rub your heads, and (wash) your feet up to the ankles. And if you are unclean, purify yourselves. And if you are sick or on a journey, or one of you comes from the closet, or you have had to contact with women, and you find no water, then go to clean, high ground and rub your faces and your hands with some of it. Allah would not place a burden on you, but He would purify you and would perfect His grace upon you, that you may give thanks.