[005:041] O Messenger (Muhammad [sal-Allâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam])! Let not those who hurry to fall into disbelief grieve you, of such who say: “We believe” with their mouths but their hearts have no Faith. And of the Jews are men who listen much and eagerly to lies – listen to others who have not come to you. They change the words from their places; they say, “If you are given this, take it, but if you are not given this, then beware!” And whomsoever Allah wants to put in Al-Fitnah (error, because of his rejecting of Faith), you can do nothing for him against Allah. Those are the ones whose hearts Allah does not want to purify (from disbelief and hypocrisy); for them, there is a disgrace in this world, and in the Hereafter a great torment.

Abu Bakrah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, “Shall I not inform you of one of the gravest of the cardinal sins?” We said: “Yes, O Messenger of Allah!” He (PBUH) said, “To join others as partners with Allah in worship and to be undutiful to one’s parents.” The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) sat up from his reclining position (in order to stress the importance of what he was going to say) and added, “I warn you that making a false statement and giving false testimony. I warn you against making a false statement and giving false testimony.” The Messenger of Allah (PBUH) kept on repeating this (warning) till we wished he should stop.[Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

Commentary: The contents of this Hadith make the gravity of making a false statement abundantly clear. How unfortunate indeed it is that, like other major sins, the evil of giving false testimony is very common among present-day Muslims. May Allah prevent us from it.

Narrated Abu Huraira (Radi-Allahu ‘anhu): Allah’s Apostle (Sallallahu ‘Alaihi Wa Sallam) said, “(The performance of) ‘Umra is an expiation for the sins committed (between it and the previous one). And the reward of Hajj Mabrur (the one accepted by Allah) is nothing except Paradise.” Bukhari Vol. 3 : No. 1

Abud-Darda (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Prophet (PBUH) said, “He who defends the honor of his (Muslim) brother, Allah will secure his face against the Fire on the Day of Resurrection.”[At-Tirmidhi].

Commentary: If someone says something disgraceful against a Muslim, one must defend his Muslim brother (or sister, for that matter) and say that what has been stated about him or she is wrong and that he (or she) is free from the accusation made against him (or her).

Abdullah bin ‘Umar bin Al-Khattab (May Allah be pleased with them) narrated that: He heard the Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) saying: “Three men, amongst those who came before you, set out until night came and they reached a cave, so they entered it. A rock fell down from the mountain and blocked the entrance of the cave. They said: ‘Nothing will save you from this unless you supplicate to Allah by virtue of a righteous deed you have done.’

Thereupon, one of them said: ‘O Allah! I had parents who were old, and I used to offer them milk before any of my children or slaves. One day, I went far away in search of grazing and could not come back until they had slept. When I milked as usual and brought the drink I found them both asleep. I hated to disturb them and also disliked giving milk to my children before them. My children were crying out of hunger at my feet but I awaited with the bowl in my hand for them to wake up. When they awoke at dawn, they drank milk. O Allah! If I did so to seek Your Pleasure, then deliver us from the distress caused by the rock’. The rock moved slightly but they were unable to escape.

The next said: ‘O Allah! I had a cousin whom I loved more than anyone else (in another version he said: as a man can love a woman). I wanted to have sexual intercourse with her but she refused. Hard pressed in a year of famine, she approached me. I gave her one hundred and twenty dinars on condition that she would yield herself to me. She agreed and when we got together (for sexual intercourse), she said: Fear Allah and do not break the seal unlawfully. I moved away from her in spite of the fact that I loved her most passionately, and I let her keep the money I had given her. O Allah! If I did that to seek Your Pleasure, then, remove the distress in which we are.’ The rock moved aside a bit further but they were still unable to get out.

The third one said: ‘O Allah! I hired some labourers and paid them their wages except one of them departed without taking his due. I invested his money in business and the business prospered greatly. After a long time, he came to me and said: O slave of Allah! Pay me my dues. I said: All that you see is yours – camels, cattle, goats, and slaves. He said: O slave of Allah! Do not mock me. I assured him that I was not joking. So he took all the things and went away. He spared nothing. O Allah! If I did so seeking Your Pleasure, then relieve us of our distress.’ The rock slipped aside and they got out walking freely”. [Al-Bukhari and Muslim].