MashAllah and SubhanAllah
What Allah wishes
It is often used on occasions where there is a surprise in someone’s good deeds or achievements. For example, people say Mashallah when someone does very well in their exams.
Perfect Glory is to God or “Glorified is Allah”
A supplication (dua) means, “O Allah, respond to (or answer) what we have said”.
“Peace be upon you” the greeting of the Muslim [the reply is “Wa Alaikum salam”
which means “and peace be upon you”.
The fuller version reads “assalam u alaikum wa rahmatulahi wa baakatuhu”
which means “peace be upon you and the blessings and mercy of Allah”
the reply is “wa alaikumus salam wa rahmatulahi wa baakatuhu” ]
The Arabic expression means “Allah is greatest.” Also called the Takbir
An Arabic expression meaning “Allah knows best”
AL HAMDU LILAH WA SHUKRU LILLAH
The Arabic expression meaning which means “Praise belongs to Allah and all thanks to Allah”
An expression used for separating an introductory from the main topics in a speech; the introductory is usually concerned with Allah’s praises and glorification. Literally, it means “whatever comes after”
The Arabic expression means “I ask forgiveness of Allah”
AUDHU BILLAHI MIN ASH SHAYTAN AR RAJIM
The Arabic expression means “I seek protection in Allah from the accursed satan”.
This phrase is often recited to ward away evil and before saying bismillah Rahman ar-Raheem before reading the Quran or other activities
AZZA WA JAL
A formula used after mentioning the name of Allah means “Mighty and Majestic is He”
An expression that means “May the blessings of Allah be upon you.”
When a Muslim wants to thank another person, he uses different statements to express his thanks, appreciation, and gratitude. One of them is BarakAllah
BISMILLAH AR RAHMAN AR RAHIM
The bismillah. “In the name of Allah, the All-Merciful the All-Compassionate.”
[This is also translated as in the name of Allah most gracious most merciful]
Valedictory phrase meaning “In Allah’s protection”
It is used like a goodbye as used by English.
The Arabic expression meaning “In the way of Allah”, “For the cause of Allah” [also used to mean “for the love of Allah”]
Giving sadaqah (charity) for the sake of Allah is known as sadaqah fee sabilillah as this act of charity is not required by Islam but it is only recommended. There is lots of thawab for this type of charity.
Literally “Presence”; a term of address roughly equivalent to “Your Honour”
The Arabic expression, “Hasbunallah wa nimalwakil” meaning “Allah is enough for us and an excellent guardian”. Usually known as “Hasbi Allah”
The Arabic expression, “la hawla wa la quwwata illa billah” which means “There is no power nor strength save (expect) by Allah”
INNA LILLAHI WA INNA ILAYHI RAJIUN-
This is something that a Muslim expresses when he is afflicted by misfortune, the meaning of which is “We are from Allah, and to Him are we returning.” It is taken from an ayat (verse) from the Quran (ch 2 vs 156).
[This is usually said upon hearing of the death of an individual]
The Arabic expression means “If Allah wills”
[This is usually said when referring to a situation in the future e.g. inshAllah I will go to the grocery shop tomorrow etc]
To ask the forgiveness of Allah, especially by saying, Astagfuralah, “I seek the forgiveness of Allah”
To seek Allah’s forgiveness. It is something that must be done continuously in a Muslim life
Exception, saying “InshAllah”, “If Allah wills”
The Arabic expression means “Fear Allah” – i.e. To fear doing something (i.e. a bad action), knowing that Allah is always watching.
The formula said after the name of Allah meaning “Great is His Majesty”
This is a statement of thanks and appreciation to be said to a person who does a favor. Instead of saying “shukran” (thanks), this phrase is used. It means “May Allah reward you with good”.
KARAM ALLAHU WAJHAHU
“May Allah honor him”, a formula used when Ali ibn Abi Talib (RadiAllahu Taala anhu) is mentioned
“At your service”, the Talbiyah or call of the pilgrim to his Lord in the hajj.
[the full talbiya is “LabbaykAllah huma Labbayk, LabbaykAllah sharee kalala Labbayk, innal hamda, wa naimata lakawulmulk la shareekala”
“Here I am O Lord, here I am, Oh Allah, here I am. Here I am. You have no partner. Here I am. Surely all praise, grace, and dominion is yours, and you have no partner.”]
LA HAWLA WALA QUWWATA ILLA BILLAH
The meaning of this expression is “There is no power nor strength save in Allah”. This is said by a Muslim when he is struck with calamity or is taken over by a situation beyond his control.
“With peace”, a formula for ending letters
A phrase literally meaning “What Allah wishes”, and it indicates a good omen
[example of usage, I get an A on a test, my mother would say MashAllah]
“Our master”, a term of respect
[usually used in the context of referring to the Prophet (PBUH) also however used in the context of referring to a learned individual e.g. scholar or imam]
RABBANA WA LAKAL_HAMD
“Our Lord, Praise if yours”, said after rising from ruku after saying “sami Allahuliman hamidah”
[which means “Allah listens to the one who praises him”]
The formula “May Allah be pleased with her” used after a female companion
[usually abbreviated as RA or RAA]
This is an expression to be used by Muslims whenever a name of a companion of the Prophet Muhammed is mentioned or used in writing. It means “May Allah be pleased with him”
[usually abbreviated as RA or RAA]
The formula, “May Allah be pleased with them”, used after a group of companions
[usually abbreviated as RA or RAA]
The formula, “May Allah have mercy on him”
SALLAHU ALAYHI WA SALLAM
“May Allah bless him and grant him peace”, the formula was spoken after the mentioning of the Prophet Muhammed (PBUH) usually the following two sets of abbreviations are used for this phrase (PBUH) which means “peace be upon him” and is the technical reply for all Prophets or (saws) the correct suffix when referring to the Prophet Muhammed (PBUH)
SAMI ALLAHU LIMAN HAMIDAH
“Allah heard him who send praise to Him”, said someone praying when he rises from ruku (unless he is following an imam in prayer)
[if he is following an imam in prayer he says “Rabana wala kalhamd” only]
“Our Master”, is a term of respect. Literally means “Lord” or “Master, or “Leader”
[usually used to refer to the Prophet Muhammed (PBUH) , however many people use it to refer to learned man/scholar. It is also frequently used to denote a descendant of the Prophet (salAllahu alayhi wasalam)
Majestic plural of Shaykh, literally meaning “Old man” – an honorific title widely used to denote scholars, as well as tribal chieftians and notables.
Colloquial for “Sayyidi” or “Sayyiduna” – My “Lord/Master/Leader” – an honorific term – especially popular in North Africa.
“Glorified is Allah.” To honor Allah and make Him free from all (unsuitable evil things) that are ascribed to Him, (or “Glorified be Allah”)
SUBHANAHU WA TAALA
“Glorified is He and exalted,” an expression that Muslims use when the name of Allah is pronounced or written
[This is usually abbreviated as (SWT)]
“Exalted is He”, an expression used after the name of Allah is mentioned
[i.e. Allah Ta’ala meaning, Allah, exalted be He]
Saying, “I seek refuge in Allah…” (audhu billahi minash shaitan nirajeem)
The formula “Blessed is Allah” [is usually used in the context of when one hears good news]
Saying the expression “alhamdulillah”, which means “Praise belongs to Allah”
Saying “Allahu akbar”, which means “Allah is Great”
Saying “Labbayk”, which means “At your service” during the hajj
Saying one of the expressions which begins with “radiyallahu….”
Glorification, saying “SubhanAllah”, which means “Glory be to Allah”
Uttering a prayer for the sneezer which this the form, “yarhamuk Allah” which means “may Allah have mercy on you”
[when a person sneezes he says, Ahamdulillah (Praise be to Allah), a person who hears the sneeze says “yarhamuk Allah” and the sneezer replies “Yahdikumul-lah wa Yuslih balakum” which means “May Allah give you guidance and improve your condition.”]
Scholars, or learned men. Especially applied to religious scholars, but often used also for those learned in other branches of knowledge.
“The face of Allah”, meaning for the sake of Allah, irrespective of any reward in this life, purely for Allah”
Lodge of religious order or fraternity.
“Subhan-Allah” means to remove/purify Allah from every deficiency and blameworthy quality. This is done with the tongue by saying: Subhan-Allah 33 times after every Salaah
“Al-Hamdulillaah” means to affirm all the praiseworthy qualities that Allaah is deserving of. So “Subhan-Allah” negates every negative quality from Allaah while “Al-Hamdulillaah” affirms every praiseworthy quality. And the majority of times tasbeeh comes before tahmeed. Why? Because you need to remove all dirt before placing buik ding on top of it.
For example, if you want to lay a floor. Do you just put the floor down? No, you clean the floor from debris before putting the new floor. If you want to paint, you clean the walls before applying new paint. This is taqleeyah before Tahleeyah.
The Messenger of Allah (sal Allahu alaihi wa sallam) said:
“When Allah wishes good for someone, He bestows upon him the understanding of the Deen.”