Prescribing fasting the Quran says: “O you who believe, fasting is prescribed to you as it was to those before you, that you may (learn) self-restraint.” (2:183)

The original Arabic word translated here as self-restraint is taqwa, which has a much broader significance. It symbolizes that basic mortal quality that demarcates the line between morality and amorality and distinguishes humans from animals as moral beings.

It represents the love of good with an eagerness to respond to it, and a strong desire to keep away from what is evil and harmful.

Those who are neutral or immune to questions of good and bad, justice and injustice, compassion and cruelty, loyalty and treachery are in the words of the Quran like the blind, deaf, and dumb cattle, whose only concern in life is to fill their stomachs.

“They have hearts wherewith they understand not, eyes wherewith they see not, and ears wherewith they hear not. “