Q. How to clean leather articles, such as socks; shoes; hold-alls, etc. if some filthy material defiles them?
A. These are cleaned (purified) by rubbing them against the ground, or any other substance, provided filth and its effects are fully removed.

Q. How to clean (purify) these articles if filth like urine, wine etc. defile them?
A. Washing with water, or any other thin clean liquid, removes the impurity. Therefore other defilements on leather items, except solid dirt; cannot be cleansed by a rub; hence must be washed.

Q. Could the dirty (Napak) articles like knives; swords or things of steel; silver; copper or aluminium etc. be cleansed without washing
A. Plain items of iron, which are rust-free, and things made of silver; gold, copper; aluminium; brass, and lead—without engravings, also those made of glass, ivory and bone; and crockery, can be purified by rubbing them in a manner that all traces of filth and its effects are completely erased. (Items should have no carving).

Q. What is meant by ‘no-engravings’?
A. It means that there should be no carving marks (lines etc) on the surface of the things. Due to the uneven surface, rubbing cannot clean off the dirt. Things, however, become pure by the rubbing, if they just have coloured patterns, but no engravings.

Q. How to clean the ground which is defiled with urine, wine etc.
A. Uncleanliness automatically vanishes once the ground dries up, and the effects of uncleanliness (such as colour, smell and taste) disappear.

Q. How to clean the baked bricks, or stones on the floor of a house or a mosque, or those on a wall which have been defiled by filth?
A. The bricks or stones of a building become clean when their surface dries up and the effects of the filth disappear.

Q. What is the method of purifying or washing articles like brass vessels or thick cushions which cannot be wringed?
A. The method to be followed in cleaning articles that are difficult or impossible to Wing is as follows:

Wash these once, and leave them. When the water stops dripping, give them a second wash and leave them. Wash for the third time, after the water stops dripping. Now they will become clean. However, it is necessary to rub them, as much as possible, so that the maximum possible filth is removed.

Q. Can the defiled clay vessels, be purified?
A. Clay vessels can also be cleansed. The method described in the previous Question & Answer holds good here also.

Q. Are the ashes of an unclean substance, such as dung, clean or unclean?
A. The ashes of an unclean substance, when burnt, are clean.

Q. What should we do if a rat falls into butter oil (Ghee) and dies?
A. If the butter oil (Ghee) is solid, throw out the rat and the ghee just around it. The remaining butter oil(Ghee)is clean. But if the butter oil (Ghee) is in a melted form, the entire ghee will be unclean (Napak).

Q. What is the procedure for purifying unclean butter oil, or oil?
A. Add water to the unclean ghee or oil, equal to its quantity and boil the two together. Then remove the ghee, or oil that floats on the surface. Repeat this process, thrice, and the ghee or oil will become clean.